Mt. Everest ( Qomolangma )
The Mt Everest is known all around the world for its great height. The truth is that from many years many people wondered and tried to figure it out the exactly measurements. These days, we know for sure the exact height of 29,035 ft or 8850m because we have better tools to measure, like the global positioning satellite technology. But the official altitude of the Mt. Everest that was approved by the Nepali government is 29,029 feet. But the interesting fact is that it is believed that the height of Mt Everest will grow in the future furthermore, because the tectonic plates are moving bit by bit as we speak, and so it is believed that they produce an average difference in the height of almost ten centimeters per year.
Mt. Everest, also known as Mt.Qomolangma, meaning Goddess Third in Tibet, is the highest peak in the world. The 8,848 meters (29,028 feet) high peak, snow capped throughout the year. The North Col of Everest is located in Tinggri (Shegar). Massive glaciers and seracs feature a thrilling splendor. The peak has been a holy climbing attraction for world's mountaineers. In recent years, more and more mountaineers start from the Everest Base Camp trying to conquer the world's highest peak while tourists trek to the foot of the peak to enjoy its beauty. Around Mt.Everest, there are four peaks above 8,000 meters high, including Mt. Makarluh, Gosanthain, Zhuoyo, Shishabanma and other 14 peaks above 7,000 meters, which form an amazing picture of Mt.Everest Natural Scenery Area with jokuls, peaks groups, and mountain waves.
The area of Mt. Everest has been built as one of the national natural reserves, wherein live thousands of kinds of plants, hundreds of varieties of wild animals and dense virgin forests. Many of these are precious and rare, like the first-class protected animal ounces and the valuable timber sandals, etc.
At the foot of Mt. Everest is located the highest temple in the world, Rongbuk Monastery. At the altitude of about 5000 m. (16,404 ft.) and 25 km. (15.5 mi.) in the distance, it is also the best point to appreciate the scenery of Mt. Everest. Rongbuk Glacier around this area is also the largest among all the glaciers here.
Located at the border between China and Nepal, its North Slope belongs to China and south belongs to Nepal.
Mt. Everest lies at the borderline, about 100 kilometers far away from the Sino-Nepal Road. There is no regular bus from Shigatse or Nakchu to New Tingri(Shagar), so you’d better charter a car from Shigatse to New Tingri(Shagar) County. The road to Mt.Everest is at the crossroad of the Zhangmu Sino-Nepal Road from New Tingri(Shagar) to Old Tingri County. After 11 kilometers along Sino-Nepal Road, a sign of Mt.Everest Protection District will appear in front of you, not so clearly shown. And also from here you'll farewell the blacktop and get ready for a bad road with lots of small seasonal streams. During rainy days, the cars are often trapped in the muddy road. For the first time lots of the tourists often take the wrong direction to go straight and arrive in the Old Tingri. You may have to pay attention to the road sign and don' t get confused.
Starting 30 kilometers (20 miles) south from New Tinggri, one will reach a checkpoint. 11 kilometers (7miles) west of the checkpoint, a new road and an old one turn off south to Mt.Everest Base Camp. Costs: RMB 405 Yuan per car with RMB 65 Yuan for Himalayas Forest Park Ticket (drivers free).
Attraction of Fastigium of the Earth, reputed as the Third Pole of the Earth is a must for travelers.
Climbing Mt. Everest is very dangerous, only those who can endure the adverse weather and experienced climbers should venture onto it's slopes. The area is frequently beset with sudden storms, snow, wind and the weather may change quickly in a day. Only the periods between early March and late May, along with early September and late October are fit for climbing, among which less than 20 days are actually fine. So keep a very close eye on the weather changes there if you want to climb. Mt. Everest lies in the borderline about 100 km. (62 mi.) south of Sino-Nepal Road, you can hire a car from Lhasa or take some vehicles by the way. For the dining and accommodation, Rongbuk Monastery is recommended
If you want to climb the mount Everest there are several trails available, some of them are easy or some are more difficult..Many climbers come every year and try to suceed. But this is not easy, because many of them get ill because of the altitude. The cold weather makes many victims, and the wind is not easy to bear. K2 i one of the most difficult trail and normal climbers need to be accompanoed by a professional mountain guide. This professional mountain guide costs prety much. The people from Nepal many most of their many from tourism, for example any climber need to obtain a permit that may cost even $20 000.
Most of the untrained climbers have problems in the “death zone”. This are is situated where the mountain has more then 8000 metres hight. If they are not careful how they are equiped, the climbers may suffer frostbite on the extremites of teir body, because the temperatures can get very low. On this part of the trails snow and ice is available, so the tourists may slip and fall. The winds also make many problems to the climbers. Because of the atmospheric pressure the oxygen level in the air is low and cause also problems to the tourists that managed to get thru this zone. This is why it is better that climbers use supplementary oxygen, with some special masks and bottled oxygen. In 1922 was the first time that some climbers succeeded to climg the Mount Everest with the help of bottled oxygen.
The flora and fauna is poor on this mount, because of its high altitude. Some species of birds have benn seen here, as for example the Bar-headed Goose and Chough.
It is interesting to know that the tibetansdon’t name this peak Mount Everest (named by the British after George Everest), but instead they have their own name, they call it Chomolangma. They consider this mount as beeing holy and maybe this is why for so many years they didn’t want any strangers to climb it.
Mt. Everest Base CampTwo base camps are located on opposite sides of Mt. Everest: to the South in Nepal, and to the North in Tibet, China. Located at the altitude of 5,360 m/17,600 ft is South Base Camp in Nepal, and at 5,208 m/17,090 ft is the North Base Camp in Tibet. These camps are rudimentary campsites on Mount Everest that are used by mountain climbers during their ascent and descent. South Base Camp is used when climbing via the southeast ridge, while North Base Camp is used when climbing via the northeast ridge.
(1) Exploration of Mt.Everest is not suitable from October to April in the following year because of the chill weather; and it is monsoon in July and August, when it is impossible to see the Mt.Everest in the misty rain. So it’s the best time to enjoy Mt.Everest in April, May and June.
(2) You need to issue a travel permit before you go to Mt.Everest Camp, Zhangmu Port or Ali. It may delay you if you issue the travel permit in Lhasa. So it’s better for you to issue it at the your local Police Office before you come to Tibet. The issuing procedure is quite simple and only cost RMB 2 Yuan. You can get it immediately. For the destination on the travel permit, you may have to fill it in like this. If you want to go to Mt.Everest you need to fill in the blank on the travel permit with Tingri County, Zhangmu Port with Nyalam County. You can also check it at the Police Office, which have map and detail information of the national boarder. If you have passport and valid visa to Nepal, then you don’t need any travel permit to go to Mt.Everest or Zhangmu. However, if you want to go to Tsaparang to visit Googe Dynasty it won’t work, you still need travel permit unless you have the valid visa to India or Pakistan.
(3) Going to Mt.Everest you can live in Rongbuk Monastery, but it is often full of accommodated tourists. In Rongbuk Monastery there is a hostel with 100 beds, a dinning room and a store. The price for one bed is RMB 25 Yuan. It’s also a good idea to stay outside by setting up a tent, but do remember to bring a sleeping sack because of the chillness at night. There are about 8 kilometers between Rongbuk Monastery and Mt.Everest Base Camp. If you take the camping stuffs, you can also stay at Mt.Everest Base Camp, but you need to cook by yourself with your own stove.
(4) At Mt.Everest Base Camp, you can cost RMB 2 Yuan to get a postmark from the clerk at Mt.Everest Post Office for memory, and then deliver the postcard to your friends or your family members to share the exciting moment. After half a month your friends from either the domestic or abroad will get this significant postcard. During the mountaineering season, the clerk who is responsible for the liaison of Tibet Mountaineering Association will resident here, from whom you can buy a little food and water, but very expensive, about three times higher than it in Lhasa. For instance, the beer is RMB 10 Yuan per tin.
(5) It is recommended to take picture of Mt.Everest afterglow after you check in at Rongbuk Monastery. Rongbuk Monastery is also a good place for overlooking Mt.Everest. There are only 25 kilometers straightaway between these tow places. From Rongbuk Monastery, take a 15 mins’ car or 2 hs’ walk across valley, cliff and odd rocks, and finally you will arrive at Qomolangma Base Camp enjoying the most beautiful view at the dawn or evening fall. The Admission Fee here is RMB 20 Yuan per one. There are about 3 or hours car drive away from here to Serac Groups-Serac World.
(7) You’d better wear anti-slip; endurable, cling-ground sports shoes with dentate tread.
(Mt. Everest Nature Reserve Area)