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                          Black Dragon Pond (Heilongtan Park)

Location: lijiang  Yunnan Province

Transportation: Bus service from Dali, Air service from Shanghai

Summary: A park in Lijiang. I have been there, and I pretty much couldn't remember anything in there. You can take a walk there if you have extra time.



With water as green and lucid as jade, Heilongtan Park, located north of Lijiang town at the foot of Elephant Mountain, is also called Yuquan, or "Jade Spring," Park. Surrounded on all sides by verdant trees, the park looks like a pearl in Yunnan plateau. Inside the park, ancient architecture of the Naxi (also spelt Nakhi and Nahi) people is scattered amidst the lush trees, adding a unique aspect to the park's landscape.

Five-Phoenix Tower (Wufeng Tower): Located at north end of the park, the tower, also named Fayun Pavilion, was built in the 29th year of the Wanli reign of the Ming dynasty. It was originally located in Fuguo Temple, 11km away from Naxi Autonomous County. In 1979, for the convenience of visitors, it was moved to this park. In the 12th year of the Chongzhen reign of the Ming dynasty (1639), the famous traveler Xu Xiake once visited here and stayed for eight days in the pavilion.


Decorated with flying cornices and threefold overlaps, the tower resembles five phoenixes spreading their wings for flight, hence the descriptive name.

The 17-meter-high, 3-story tower is a unique and complicated architectural structure. The first story in octagonal, the second story dodecagonal, and the third story quadrangular. Built together by Han, Naxi and Tibetan people, the whole structure is full of local flavor, and adorned by distinctive ethnic colors.


Moon-Embracing Pavilion (Deyue Pavilion): Surrounded by water, this pavilion was richly ornamented. The original three-story structure dated from the late Ming dynasty (1368-1644) and survived without significant damage until 1950. Two couplets written by the Chinese literary giant Guo Moruo were hung on the pavilion, vividly depicting the landscape of Yunnan province.

Dragon God Temple (Longshen Temple): Located on the east side of the park, this temple was built in the second year of the Qianglong reign of the Qing dynasty. Over 500 kinds of flowers were planted nearby. In addition, visitors can visit Dongba Research Institute, located on the hillside, where Dongba scrolls and artifacts are on display.

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