Baidicheng is located the Qutangxia mouth north shore Yangtze River, is apart from the Chongqing urban district 451 kilometers. few miles into Fenjie County, on the northern bank of the Yangtze River is Baidi City (White Emperor City), also called Baidi Temple. It is located on Baidi Mountain at the mouth of Qutang Gorge, one of the Three Gorgers of the Yangtze River. It is reported the Western Han Dynasty last years, Gongsunshu establishes a separatist regime Sichuan, calls self the Suchuan king, so sees in a this well the common white smog ascension, takes the form of the white dragon brand, therefore calls self the white emperor, then founds a capital in this, and changes purple Yangcheng the Baidicheng. East the Baidicheng according to the kui gate, west approaches eight charts, three surrounded by water, is majestically located the amphibious strategic point, for all previous dynasties military commander land that must fight for.
The Baidicheng is the best place to view "the kui gate world male" . "Faces between the refined language white emperor pink clouds, go back great distance Jiangling in one day. Both banks ape sound cannot cry, the light vessel crossed Mt. Wanzhong." In addition also had all previous dynasties renowned poet Du Fu, Bai Juyi, Liu Yuxi, Su Shi, Huang Tingjian, Fan Chengda, Lu You and so on all once ascends the white emperor, You Kuimen, left behind the massive poems.
Therefore, the Baidicheng calls the poem city. The Baidicheng well known another important reason is here also is the important three countries ruins, famous request orphaned hall for Liu Bei Bai Dituo orphaned place. Three countries shuhans Emperor east the Liu Bei punitive expedition Wu, the soldier defeats the Baidicheng, sadly becomes illness, just before the end front holds in the Baidicheng Yongan palace to Prime Minister Zhuge Liang orphaned. In Bai Dimiao presently exhibits has "Liu Bei to hold the large-scale clay sculpture orphaned".
The extant Baidicheng is Ming and Qing two generation of repairs ruins. when three surrounded by water backs rely on the high canyon at the same time, first is near Yangtze River, the imposing manner extremely grand magnificent sight, is the great reputation the scenic spot on Three Gorges traveling on-line for a long time enjoys . In Bai Di temple, many all previous dynasties prose stele carving , since the exhibition has had Qutangxia to hang in the coffin the cultural relic and Sui and Tang dynasties 73 calligraphies and paintings stele carvings, and handicraft 1,000. Has famous cooper sword of the junction of Spring and Autumn Period Warring States Bashu culture , its shape like willow tree leaf, exquisite workmanship, but also has "the bamboo leaves character tablet" poem and picture to gather one, the style is unique; "Three kings tablets" carve the phoenix, the peony, the Chinese parasol tree, fine is magnificent, may be called the treasure. At the time of the tourist watches, was deep deeply praises the ancient times Ba's wisdom and the craftsmanship in the moral nature.
Inscribed Tablets at Baidi City (White Emperor City)
Baidi City (White Emperor City) is a center of historical relics in the Three Gorges. Preserved in this town are seventy-four stone tablets of the Sui, Yuan, Ming and Qing dynasties inscribed with poems, essays, antithetical couplets, pictures and calligraphy.
The calligraphy of the inscriptions on the stone tablets is in the styles of great and small seal characters, official script of the Han Dynasty, script of the Wei Dynasty, regular script, running hand or cursive hand, each having its own characteristics. The most valuable inscription is to be found on the Memorial Tablet to Lord Longshan, which is executed in a forceful calligraphy that combines the styles of the southern and northern calligraphers. The inscription is about 1,300-1,400 years old. The tablet was unearthed in 1859 in the ninth year of the Xianfeng reign of the Qing Dynasty when a fort was being built at the northwestern corner of the town of Fengjie. The top edge of the same tablet are newly carved words: "Flood water caused a disaster, rising to a level fifty feet higher than the town on the nineteenth day of the sixth month in the ninth year of the Tongzhi reign." It is a truthful record of the notorious flood of the Yangtze River in 1870 and a rare piece of hydrological history.
Phoenix Stele. Engraved on the stele are phoenixes, king of birds, peony, king of flowers and Chinese parasol, king of trees. So it is also called "Three King Stele".
Two of the stone tablets are carved with pictures of unique styles. One is carved with a phoenix, the king of birds; a peony, the king of flowers; and a parasol tree, the king of trees. The tablet is therefore called the Phoenix Tablet or the Tablet of Three Kings. The other is called the Bamboo Leaf Tablet because it is carved with a poem with all the characters made up by bamboo leaves. Both are unusually conceived.
Since the water level has risen due to the Three Gorges Dam Project, Baidi City has become an isolated island surrounded with water. In order to facilitate tourist to visit this ancient temple, a wind-rain bridge has been built at the foot of Baidi City. Also, a dock was built for visitors to visit the ancient emplacement, cliff-side inscriptions and other attractions by boat.
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