Inquiring About Tea at Dragon Well , No.1, Longjing village, Hangzhou, 杭州市西湖区龙井村一号龙井问茶, Xihu District
Dragon Well Green Tea is grown in the Longjing mountain area of Hangzhou, southwest of the West Lake. Reputed to be the "Empress of Green Tea," Longjing tea is primarily planted in Longjing (Dragon Well), a small village 20 kilometers from downtown Hangzhou. Perching on a mountain southwest of the West Lake, and endowed with lingering clouds and mists as well as abundant rain and dew, Longjing offers favorable conditions for growing tea. Longjing tea has a history of more than 1,200 years.
Dragon Well is most famous for its unique fragrance and flavor; flat, slender strips of tea leaves in bright green liquid. Furthermore, Longjing tea aids one's health in many ways regardless of your age. It is used to deter food poisoning, refresh the body, stop cavities, fight viruses, control high blood pressure, lower the blood sugar level, and to prevent cancer. Hence, Longjing tea is regarded as the elixir for health and is widely sold and accepted all over the world.
The name Longjing is from a small village on the Fenghuang Hill, in Hangzhou Zhengjiang Province. It is said that residents in ancient times believed that a dragon dwelled there and controlled the rainfall. As a result, people went there from all the surrounding areas whenever there was a drought to pray for rainfall, from as early as the Three Kingdoms Period (221-280).
an invigorating, bitter-tasting green tea highly prized by Chinese and foreigner all over the world. Longjing Tea Park, set in tea plantations to the southwest of the lake, contains what is claimed to be the original Dragon Well. Tea sellers here will invite you into their homes to taste different grades of tea: prices may seem astronomical at first, but taste the different grades and decide for yourself. Limited bargaining is acceptable. Excellent walks circle around the village and into the surrounding tea gardens and hills. The village is best reached by taxi or hotel bus or a lovely stroll.
Dragon Well is a circular pond 2 meters in diameter, the spring water drains down to a brook along the Yingma bridge, Huangni Hill and finally winds it way into West Lake through Mao Jia Bu. What is more interesting to see is a “dividing line” on the surface of the well water when it is stirred, a line that, like a hair spring and disappears slowly.
Dragon Well (or Long Jing) tea has been famous in China since the Tang Dynasty. Known then as ragrant Forest Mist? the famed Tang poet Su Dongpo likened the tea to a beautiful woman. The tea received its current name in the Ming Dynasty from a temple at Long Hong Shan. While workmen were digging a well, they pulled out a stone shaped like a dragon. The home of this tea is located in Dragon Well village, near Hangzhou West Lake in Zhejiang province; however, the modern-day growing area for this tea has spread throughout the entire province.
Dragon Well tea is famous for its four unique characteristics: jade green color, sweet fragrance, pure and mellow chestnut-like flavor and the beautiful shape of its leaves.
The making of Dragon Well tea is a unique, labor-intensive process that demands great skill from the tea maker. About 30,000 hand-plucked young tea shoots are required to make just one pound of finished tea. First, the tea is dried indoors on bamboo mats to reduce the water content by 15-20%. Then the tea is fired at high temperature in a wok, where the skilled worker uses 10 distinct hand movements to shape the tea. This firing kills the enzyme activity and removes the green, grassy taste. The tea is then cooled for about an hour then re-fired at a lower temperature. Finally, the tea is hand-graded by leaf size and packed.
The very best quality Dragon Well is picked in early spring (late March/early April), before the Qing Ming festival. Well-made tea has a slippery feel, a light glossy green appearance and gives off a sweet fragrance. Dragon Well tea can be classified by its grade and by the location where it is produced. The top grades of Dragon Well are known as Lotus Heart and Bird Tongue. These teas consist of the smallest buds or a small bud and leaf pair. The classic Dragon Well producing areas are West Lake, Lion Peak and Mei Jia Wu, although many traditional, good-quality Dragon Well teas are being made throughout Zhejiang province
The water in Dragon Well not only tastes sweet, but also has its special property. When it is stirred with a strick, a wavy line appears on the surface like a hair spring.
The spring, the temple, the village and the green tea leaves are all well known by the name of Dragon Well. Here is the home of the West Lake Dragon Well Tea. The tea is renowned for its four characteristics: green in color, fragrant in aroma, sweet in taste and smooth and even in appearance.
The Longjing tea spring has an unusual place, is when you use in the rod agitation well water the water seepage, on the water surface will present a creeping motion a minute water line, will tour the dragon to be ordinary as if, this kind of phenomenon when rainy day will be more obvious. It is said this is because the ground water and the underground water seepage dash mutually, two water qualities are therefore heavy and the speed of flow difference result. This strange natural phenomenon, made the tourist to increase naturally the good interest. The surroundings also brightly transport the stone, to wash the heart to moor, partial clouds Zhu Shengji. The Longjing tea west is Longjing Village, surrounds the mountain products tea, Xihu Longjing, because a colored green jade, fragrant strongly fragrant, the taste is mellow, shape US, approves is “four is celebrated worldwide certainly”. Yuan Dynasty Yu Ji chants the tea poem to have “boils fries the gold bud, after does not take the sixth solar term. Comes together 23, three swallow does not endure to rinse”. The Xihu tea by has difference the dragon, the cloud, the lion, the tiger, take lion peak, tea of the Longjing tea place as, is mysterious, only goes to the Longjing tea to drink tea asked that the tea only then becomes aware. Therefore has “the Longjing tea to ask the tea” the name. The Longjing tea all around, the blue screen-like mountain peaks thousand circle, the strange stone stands in great numbers, ancient wooden towering, the loose bamboo hands over the green jade, the natural scenery is serene and beautiful. Clear Qianlong southern tour hence, topic “Hushan first good” five characters, also assigns the brook pavilion, the god to transport the stone, partial clouds, Long Hongdong, to wash the heart to moor, the wind bamboo range, Fang Yuanan, the green jade peak Chinese style pavilion is “the Longjing tea eight scenery”. Sighted person Chen Meigong does "Tries Tea" the poem, has “the Longjing tea source to ask the child gazes”, “not to this Shan Shi not entire” beautiful line
The atmosphere is very wonderful and peaceful. The tea houses, tea pavilions, and the restaurant are beautifully placed amongst bamboo groves and tea trees. The workers all wear traditional style clothing and are very good at doing Gongfu Cha. It looked like a beautiful Chinese garden devoted to tea. So if you have a chance to come to Hangzhou, do not miss the Dragon Well Tea Plantation!
The Ming Dynasty poet Sun Taichu wrote a poem entitled “Enjoying tea at Dragon Well”, the last two lines of which read: “I don’t like anything else in my life, But a cup of water from the hill.”
Travel Tips:TipsThe right time for picking the tea leaves is very short. The period between Qing Ming and..
Fee and opening hours Admission: free Opening hours: all day Enjoying tea at dragon well Transporation
Traffic: Bus: k4,504 tour line 1,2,3,5 holiday line 1,4,5,7- Sudi; bus7,15,27,28 tour line 1,2,3,4,5-Yuemian station.