Nanxun Ancient Town
Nanxun Town is located in the north of Zhejiang Province and to the east of Huzhou. It is adjacent to Zhengze Town, Jiangsu Province in the northeast, positioned at This area is the economic hinterland of Yangtze Delta formed by Tai Hu Lake Basin and Hangjiahu Plain. The government of Nanxun is situated on the Renrui Road. It is 30 km from Nanxun to the city center of Huzhou and 120 km to Hangzhou, the capital of Zhejiang Province. The town is 9 km from Tai Hu Lake, bordered on the north by Qidu village, Jiangsu Province and on the south by Sanchang Village and Hengjie Village as well as on the west by Mayao Town and Dongqian Town.
Nanxun Town was founded at the end of the reign of Emperor Chunyou in Southern Song Dynasty (A.D. 1252) with a history of 754 years. Now, Nanxun Town covers an area of 716 km2, with the central area of 141.3 km2, and the scenery area of 1.68 km2.
Nanxun is a typical Chinese southern town in the north of neighbouring Zhejiang Province. It became a town during the Song Dynasty (AD 960-1279). The writers, artists and silk tycoons who once lived there are closely identified with this tiny town. Most of them were prominent in China@,@s modern history. From Zhang Jingjiang - regarded by Sun Yat-sen as "the most outstanding person in China" and praised by Mao Zedong as "one who understands economics" to Xu Chi, a famous modern writer, generations of people born in this town made great contributions to the nation in various fields. Abundant architectural treasures were left in the town by such figures.
It is widely believed that Nanxun contains the largest group of ancient buildings of any of the southern water towns in China. Many heirs of the town s most prominent citizens still live in most of these buildings. It is not uncommon to find four or even five generations of a family living in one building.
The town is also famous for its old and unique private gardens. Some of China's first foreign traders lived here and they imposed western characteristics, especially in the private gardens. This is not found in other southern Chinese towns.
Today, Nanxun has kept its scenic views of a water town with ancient houses well preserved while developing an atmosphere of modern times with high-rises standing here and there. The streets run along the rivers criss-crossing each other. The integral network of streets and rivers presents a unique view like that of Venice. The town is also rich in beauty spots and places of historical interest, including Jiayetang Library----one of the four ancient libraries in Zhejiang, the Lesser Lotus Villa---- a famous private garden in south China, and over 30 bridges of the Song Dynasty (960-1279). In addition, there are beauty spots like the Stone Pagoda in Shiyuan Garden, the waterside pavilion in Yinyuan Garden, the Eagle-shaped Stone in the former residence of Zhang Junheng, the famous ancient 100-room house and the former residence of Zhang Qingjiang named "Respect for Morality Hall".
However, what sets this charmingly picturesque place apart from the rest is that it is still relatively free from the tourist hordes that have blighted the likes of Zhouzhuang and Luzhi. For now at least, Nanxun's attractive architecture, network of slow-moving canals, ancient arched bridges, narrow cobblestone alleyways and welcoming inhabitants make it a great springtime weekend destination.
Though a village existed in Nanxun's current location as early as 746, the town was officially established around 1250 during the southern Song Dynasty. Many of Nanxun's traditional houses and garden estates date from Nanxun’s heyday between the late Ming and Qing Dynasties (1644-1911), when the town was a thriving centre of trade, first in silk, then rice and salt.
Today, laid back life in the old section of town is centered on the Gu Yunhe canal in the north, and the small north-south tributary that flows from it. The main streets are Dong Dajie in the north, and the north-south thoroughfares of Nanxi Jie and Nandong Jie.
The most famous structure in Nanxun is the 400-year old Baijian Lou, (literally "the pavilion of 100 rooms"), located in the town's northeast corner.
The building was apparently constructed by an important Ming official for his servants.
Nanxun's exquisite gardens are another must-see, especially Xiaolian Zhuang, the private garden of a Qing official named Liu Yong. Over 17,000 square meters, the highlight of the garden is a large lotus pond, a profusion of color in spring and summer.
East of Xiaolian Zhuang is another of Nanxun's treasures, the magnificent Zhang Shiming Jiuzhai. Built in 1905 by a local businessman, the estate features a front section in quintessential Chinese style, with carved stone frames, lattice windows and doors. Be sure to check out the beautiful blue and white floral-patterned stained glass windows on the second floor, which served as the women's quarters.
Wandering Nanxun's canals, gardens and buildings is a good way to build up an appetite. Luckily there are numerous inexpensive restaurants and teahouses along the main streets offering jiachang cai (home-style cooking) - try the delicious yuxiang rousi (garlic pork) or jiachang doufu (home-style tofu). Local snacks include sticky candies like juhong gao and gusao bing.
Escape the hustle and bustle of the big city this springtime and head south to Nanxun – but don't tell too many people where you're going!
nanxue is soaked in ancient culture. it has been home to the locals for more than 700 hundreds years. people in nanxun have created a unique lifestyle and culture in this fertile land. amazingly, nanxun people still live in their centuries-old houses, practice ancient custom. it seems modern lifestyle touch little in this ancient town.
nanxun is beautiful in natural scenery. beautiful gardens scatter around everywhere in the town.
shanghai-nanxun: visitors who want to go to nanxun from shanghai can take the shanghai-huzhou bus which passes through nanxun and have a stopover there.
tongli-nanxun: take the tongli-wujiang bus which leaves tongli every a few minutes and then transfer to nanxun at wujiang bus station.
Tips: The coach station on the Haiqiujiang Road has shuttle buses heading for Nanxun every day. It runs every twenty minutes. The departure time ranges from 6:00 to 19:30.
Hotel: The best hotel in the town is the three star Jinquan Hotel, or the Jiu'an Convention Centre on Jiangnan Street. A standard room costs about 150 yuan ($18).
Dining: Local specialties include bamboo shoots and other river treats.
The Six Ancient Towns in the Southern Yangtze River Area