Beijing Mutianyu Great Wall
Located at Huairou County some 73 kilometers (about 45 miles) northeast of Beijing urban area, Mutianyu Great Wall winds along lofty, cragged mountains from the southeast to the northwest for approximately 2.25 kilometers (about 1.4 miles). Connected with Juyongguan Pass to the west and Gubeikou to the east, this section of the Great Wall holds a prominent place in Chinese military history.
Construction of Mutianyu Great Wall was started in the Northern Qi Dynasty (550 - 577) and was restored in the early Ming Dynasty (1368 - 1644). A pass was officially set up there in 1404. Carefully repaired in 1569, this section has been extremely well-preserved through the ages. In 1982, a new program began to establish the Mutianyu Great Wall Tourist Area. Finished in 1986, the area now has become an AAAA national tourist attraction, complete with cable car transportation. Mutianyu is a bit more rugged and slightly less crowded than the more famous Badaling. There are abundant natural springs which feed a great variety of verdant plants and ancient trees. In fact, over 96% of Mutianyu is covered with greenery, more than any other section of the Great Wall.
It has a longer history and is bestowed with brilliant cultures. In according to historic record, Mutianyu Great Wall was supervised and built up by a subordinate general to Zhu Yuanzhang, Xu Da based on the relic of the Great Wall in Northern Qi . In 1987, Mutianyu Great Wall was appraised as one of the 16 scenic spots in new Beijing and in 1992, it was appraised as the World Best of Beijing Tourism. In 2002, it was appraised as 4A grade scenic area and is the essence of Great Wall.
The architecture of Mutianyu Great Wall is of special style. It has closely packed enemy towers and [perilous passes. It was built up with battlements on both side of walls. On southeast side, there is one general gateway platform connected with three enemy
towers together, which is quite rare in the whole Great Wall; in northwest side, there are the Great Wall section named as Ox Horn Edge built above the sea level of over 1000 meters and the sections named as Arrow Buckle and Flying Eagle Facing Upward built on the knife-steep mountain peak, which look extraordinary and rugged. The whole section of Great Wall stretches and winds like a huge flying dragon.
Mutianyu Great Wall Travel Area is surrounded with mountains and is of beautiful scenery. In spring, fragrant flowers are vying with each other in beauty and are blooming; in summer, mountains are covered with green coats and you can listen to music of flowing lake; by autumn, it is fruitful and can see red leaves dancing; by winter, Great Wall is painted of pure white and coated with silver costume, showing a northland scene. It enjoys a reputation of "Mutianyu surpassing others of Great Wall" and is the best scenic spot.
Being recognized as the essence of the Great Wall, the Mutianyu section is not only noted for the quality of its construction but also for its distinct style and features compared to other sections of the Great Wall.
First, it is built mainly from granite, with the walls being 7-8 meters high and the top about 4-5 meters wide. Along its 2.25 kilometers' span, Mutianyu Great Wall has watchtowers built at some 100-meter intervals. The 22 watchtowers are considerably more than one would find in other sections, suggesting a more significant military importance.
Secondly, the structure and appearance of the watchtowers on Mutianyu Great Wall also vary from those of other sections. A typical example is called Zheng Guan Tai consisting of three inner-connected watchtowers. The central watchtower is the largest while the two smaller ones, each with its own gate, stand on either side. The main gate of the whole watchtower is in the east side, which is also unwonted among other sections.
Additionally, the outer and inner parapets on the Wall have merlons. Merlons are the solid intervals between shooting holes which are usually built on the outer parapet intending to provide cover for the soldiers. Having merlons on both sides indicates that soldiers were fighting invading forces from both sides of the Mutianyu Great Wall. Another interesting feature is a moat near the wall designed to ward off the enemy's war horses.
Finally, another unique feature of Mutianyu is the coexistence of the two extensions on either side of the main wall. These two extensions were built along lofty and steep ridges to create advantageous defense positions. One of them is the famous some 1,000 meters' extension called 'The Tail Wall'.
Besides these particular features, there are many well-known strategic fortifications near Mutianyu Great Wall such as Huanghuacheng and Jiankou (Arrow Nock), etc. They jointly form a northern barrier protecting the capital and the imperial mausoleums. With its picturesque scenery, the former barrier has become one of the Great Wall's hottest tourist destinations and a good alternative for visitors who would like to avoid crowded Badaling section during the peak seasons.
Nowadays, Mutianyu Great Wall Tourist Area has already become a comprehensive tourist attraction with many newly-developed attractions. One popular attraction is the China Dream Stone City which combines 'Great Wall culture' with stone cutting and sculpting. Another is the Luming Zoo featuring local wildlife. There's fun for the kids on Speed Slideway, a wheeled toboggan riding down from the wall on a winding metal track. There are also numerous restaurants and entertainment venues along with convenient transportation including the aforementioned cable car.
Mutianyu Great Wall Travel Area is equipped with complete devices and functions and can provide you an all-around service. Within the scenic area, there are cable cars, running with complete automatic operation systems, so climbing the Great Wall by taking the cable car will bring security, convenience and rapidness. The cable car is reputed as "No. 1 Cable Car for Great Wall",The mountain lodge of Great Wall sits in the root of Great Wall and its architecture is of ancient style. Its court is unsophisticated and elegant. It is bestowed with fresh air and admirable scenery. In 2000, it was appraised as the second grade of hotel and is able to accommodate 100 at the same time.
1. Take the No. 6 Tourist Bus at the Xuanwumen Gate or the Dong Si Shi Tiao stop on public holidays.
2. Take No.916 or No.936 bus at Dongzhimen Gate, get off at Huairou Longshan Hotel (Huairou International Conference Center) and take a mini-bus to the wall.
3. During National Holidays, you can take a train at Xizhimen Gate Train Station and get off at Beizhai Train Station, and take a Tourist Mini-Bus to the wall.
|Cable Fee (Optional)
||Single Trip: CNY 35|
Round Trip: CNY 50
|Slideway Fee (Optional)
Other Surrounding Scenic Spots:
Beijing Private Tour:
Booking a Own Car To Mutianyu From 180 USD / Day
Tour Guide Reservation From 65 USD / Day