Jinshan Hill Park is in the northwest of Zhenjiang City, Jiangsu Province. It is on Mount Jin which is about 44 meters (about 144 feet) high and covers an area of 102 acres.
The picturesque scenery of Jinshan Hill Park is made up of over thirty scenic spots on Mount Jin. Throughout history, the park gained its fame for its beautiful landscape, its important status in relation to Buddhism as well as having soul stirring legends. Jinshan Temple, Spring Zhongling (praised as the First Spring under the Heaven), and Jintian Garden are among the most famous scenic spots in Jinshan Hill Park.
Jinshan Temple is indispensable to the renown of Jinshan Hill Park.
JinShan(Golden Hill) is located in the west of zhengjiang city,jiansu province, In ancient times ,it was a solitary mount on the Yangtze river ,Floating majestically on the river center,it'sshapes are manifold,in sunshine and in rain ,In terms of wondrous beauty,it is unrivalled
According to chronicles the hill stands 190 chi(63.3metres)high and it's width is 620 steps ,although JinShan,jiaoshan and beigu have historically been referred to as "the Three hills in jinkou(nowzhenjiang),jinshan however, has always been known as the crown of zhengjinang's fainous scenery
Reccords vary as to when the Jinshan Temple originated One record says that it was built in early eastern Jin Dynasty.Yuan Dynasty scholar Yuji wrote in his Wangshaouge ji(journals of Longetivity chamber):" In the hill there is a Buddhist temple of the JinDynasty ,built in the time of Emperor Ming ." Scholar Zhao Mengfu,However,wrote that the temple was constructed in the time of Emperor Yuan.
Another record says that the temple was built in the Liang Dynasty,for eminent Liang monks said that in the fouith year of the Tianjian period Liang Emperor Wu arrived at Zexin Si(River Center temple) and inaugurated the water ,Land and air dharma Assembly In his chronicles,Jinshan's monk yuanji wrote that the Assembly was organized in the Tianjian period of the Liang Dynasty,as an imperialedict ordered the holding of such a congregation , which fuither brought fame to Jinshan
But there were also sayings that the Temple was built in the Tang dynasty ,The Xhan Fu Tu Sutra mentions :"The Temple started construction in the time of the Tapas Master Beitoutuo of the Tang ,Dynasty "The book XinHai Zhilue Registers, The Venerable Master lingtan was the grandson of Dajian and also an descendant of E mpress Wu zetian A man of supernatrual ablitym he went to live in the S erpent Cave on the peak of the Hill ,where he achieved superior meditation ,Later he tamed the serpent ,Which subsequently went out to the sea ,And this was the beginning of the opening up of Hill by the Chan clan It is this story that makes most Chinese people get to know Jinshan Temple
Jiangtian Buddhist Temple ,at the doorway of the Jinshan Temple, look up and you will see the tablet of "Jiangtian Buddhist Temple", which was inscribed by Emperor Kangxi of the Qing Dynasty when he accompanied Queen Mother to the Jinshan Temple for pray. Jiangtian Temple is the present Jinshan Temple, which has been an ancient temple of Zen Buddhism enjoying a reputation at home and abroad since antiquity. It was built in the East Jin Dynasty, about more than one thousand and five hundred years removed from modern times. It was first named Zexin Temple and Jinshan Temple at the beginning of the Nan and Tang Dynasties. The temple has a grand scale. During its meridian period, it had more than three thousand Buddhist monks and tens of thousands of monks. During the Qing Dynasty, Jinshan Temple ranked with Putuo Temple, Wenshu Temple and Daming Temple as the four famous temples of China.
Fahai Cave.also called Peigong Cave. It is on the cliff below the west of the Cishou Tower. Now in the cave stands a statue of Fahai and at the mouth of the cave hangs a horizontal tablet "Ancient Fahai Cave". The Fahai Cave is the place where Pei Toutuo, also called the Zen master Fahai, who is the founder of the Jinshan Temple, performed penance. The White Dragon has the stone statues of the White Snake and Green Snake.
Miaogao Platform，also called Drying Scripture Platform. "Miaogao" is a free translation counterpart of "Xumi" in Sanskrit. According to the Records of Jinshan written by Liu Bian, "Miaogao Platform is behind the Jialan Hall; it was built by the monk Foyin chiseling a cliff during the Yuanyou Period of the Song Dynasty; it is more than ten zhang high; there is a pavilion upon it; it is also called Drying Scripture Platform." It has gone through rises and falls for many times. The monk Shizhong of the Ming Dynasty and Xue Shuchang of the Qing Dynasty had successively rebuilt it. In 1948, it was ruined by fire together with the grand hall of the Jinshan Temple and the Scripture Collection Building. Now only the site of the platform is left. The Miaogao Platform was also a good place to admire the moon at that time. There is a tale going around there that Su Dongpo, a famous writer of the North Song Dynasty, once admired the moon here.
Nanleng Spring, the first spring under the heaven, also called Zhongleng Spring. Nanleng Spring is merely one li west of the Jinshan Mountain. It has won a reputation in the country since the Tang Dynasty. The first spring used to be in the river with the Jinshan Mountain. During the period of Xianfeng and Tongzhi's reign in the Qing Dynasty, it went ashore with the Jianshan Mountain. According to the records, the spring used to be in the river, whose water came from the west and was blocked by the Shibu Mountain and the Hu Mountain. Therefore, the flow of water had twists and turns and was divided into three Lengs (It means a bend of a river. The three Lengs are Nan Leng, Zhongleng and Beileng). The spring was below the middle bend of the river and therefore it was called "Zhongleng Spring". Moreover, since it was located to the southwest of the Jinshan Mountain, it is also called "Nanleng Spring".. It was evaluated as the first spring under the heaven by Lu Yu of the Tang Dynasty. The south cliff of the stone railings is carved with characters of "the first spring under the heaven".
The Yangtze River crosses the Beijing-Hangzhou Grand Canal at Zhenjiang, a central Jiangsu city known for its rich cultural legacy and picturesque landscape. Major attractions: Jinshan Hill, Beigushan Hill, and Song-and-Yuan Ancient Street. The Jinshan Monastery, dating back to the East Jin, is a famed ancient temple in China. Longchang Temple, built more than 1,500 years ago in Baohuashan Scenic Zone, is a famous Taoist domain.
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