Tiananmen Underground Passage &
Sculptures and Arrow Gate
Tiananmen Underground Passage
The Underground Passage was designed by the Beijing Muicip Designing Institute.
Work on the Tian’anmen Underground Passage started in Janua 1987 and opened to pedestrians on schedule on May lst of the sar year.
The passage has six exits and entrances. Its two north-south tunnels and two east-west tunnels are each 12 metres wide and 2.9 metre high. Their total length is 340 metres. The tunnels have relieved congestion and improved safety in the square. About 30,000 pedestrians and 5,000 motored vehicles pass Tian’anmen every hour at peak times. There are also 13 bus routes front of Tian’anrnen arches, and about 1 million people flow through the area every day.
Beijing is experiencing increasing traffic congestion, with 8 m lion bicycles and 300,000 cars and trucks on the streets every day.
The sculpture groups are 6 to 8 metres high and 7 to 15 metres long. The two on the north side are designed on the theme “Great Contributions”, representing what the Chinese people achieved in the last half century under the leadership of Chairman Mao. Those on the south side have as their theme “Carry Out Chairman Mao’s Behests”, expressing the Chinese people’s determination to act on his behests and carry the cause of our proletarian revolution through to the end.
At the southern end of the square stands the Front Gate. It is one of the few remaining gates of the city wall. It was built in 1420 in the early Ming Dynasty and renovated in 1977. In the old days the wall was guarded by watchtowers placed at regular intervals around the perimeter. The double gate system played an important role in repulsing enemy attacks. If the first gate was breached, the enemy would still find themselves outside the city wall and would be fired upon from the tower over the inner gate.
Tian'anmen Square and Its Surrounding
Gate of Heavenly Peace
Monument to People's Heroes
Great Hall of the People
National Museum of China
Chairman Mao Memorial Hall