Longsheng is located in the mountainous area on the northeastern part of Guilin. The natural beauty and the colorful ethnic Chinese cultures and customs attract people from all over the world. It takes about 1.5 hours drive (115KM beautiful mountain road) you will get to the Longji area, Heping Township of Longsheng County. Visit Zhuang and Yao Minority tribes villages and some families if you like. Those ethnic girls dressed in their own colors may have a demonstration on hair combing or singing and dancing upon guests' request and gratuity. Clients will enjoy the beautiful terrace rice fields after getting to the summit of Longji (Dragon's backbone).The terrace rice fields were first built in the Yuan Dynasty ( about 800 years ago) and completed in the Qing dynasty as the crystallization of the wisdom and labor of the Zhuang people. The terraced fields are built along the mountains slope winding from bottom to the top.
As well as amazing scenery, Longsheng is also the area to visit for culture. Since it is home to four different ethnic minorities, you have the opportunity to see firsthand the rich variety of customs in this district. The most visible cultural differences are perhaps the costumes worn by the local women. In Dazhai, see the embroidered pink costumes, the heavy, silver earrings, and the extremely long hair of the Yao women. In Ping'an, you will notice the Zhuang women wearing white shirts, black pants, and brightly coloured towels on their heads. As you look out at the vast mountain panoramas, it is a real spectacle to see women dressed in such finery working the fields.
There are many minorities live in Longsheng. And Dong, Miao, Yao and Zhuang are the majority among those minorities. You will see the history of some of their villages can be traced back to Song dynasty. The culture, customs and habits, and even the costume ornaments of those minorities have been perfectly preserved. Once you are in their village, you will feel as if you were in a village of a thousand years ago.
The Miao Miao people are renowned for their unique embroidery, wax printing and their carnival-like Lu Sheng parties. Lu Sheng or Reed-pipe, is a kind of musical instrument used by the Miao people.
The Yao Village has a special custom in that the men in the village often marry into and live in their bride's family. This tradition has passed down from generation to generation. Another attractive feature of the village is that the young people sing folk songs to attract their sweethearts.
The Yao Yao people usually live in the alpine belts. They have a habit of bathing in a huge bucket with herbal medicines in it to rheumatic pains and cure other diseases. On the fourth day of the fifth month of a Chinese lunar year, a Da Qi Gong Festival, which is a main festival of the nationality, is held for he Yao people to worship their ancestors with Zongzi( a kind of Dumpling made of glutinous rice wrapped in bamboo leaves) and to pray for bumper harvest.
The Zhuang People of the Zhuang Nationality love singing and dancing. Silk embroidery is one of the symbol of the Zhuang. In the past, there lived a Singing Fairy" Ms. Liu San Jie, while today with only a leaf maids can play a gorgeous melody. Among all the festivals of the Zhuang, the singing Festival held very year On the third day of the third month of a Chinese lunar year is the most famous.
Those who visit the village can take part in the traditional sporting activities, including propping the bamboo bars or playing tug of war with the elephant. They can also appreciate the wonderful dances performed by those Red Yao girls with their long hair.
The colorful costumes of these minority groups add a bright splash of color to the terraced rice fields as they go about their work of growing rice. The Yao women wear bright pink embroidered clothing with heavy silver earrings. They are famous for their extremely long hair and are listed in the Guiness Book of World's Records. The Zhuang women wear white shirts, black pants, and brightly colored cloth on their heads.
The Miao women wear colorful short jackets with short pleated skirts, and on special occasions wear large amounts of silver jewelry, and adornments. This clothing is worn on a daily basis. It is an unforgettable site to see the minority women working the fields in all of their finery.
Each minority group has its own individual language, music, dance, and art. Visiting Longji is like visiting a living museum of China's ethnic minority groups.