In Chinese ceramic history, there was once a popular saying “Ru Kiln is paramount” In the Song Dynasty, Ru ware, short for Ru official wares, was porcelain made exclusively for royalty.
Ru is porcelain of pristine simplicity, its smooth and clear surface covered with a glaze the color of “blue sky after rain,” and exhibiting subtle crazing. Because of the exquisite craftsmanship and unique glaze color, the high quality Ru wares were monopolized by the imperial house.
The ware produced at the Ru Kiln is some of the most highly prized of all Chinese stoneware. Until 1986, when the original kiln site was discovered, only 60 intact pieces were known to exist. At the site, archaeologist discovered 22 more intact pieces along with many fragments and broken piece.
The Ru Kiln was established in 1107 AD, during the Northern Song Dynasty (960-1127) to produce items only for imperial use. The kiln was in production during the reigns of Emperors Huizong (1100-1126) and Qinzong (1126-1127), until 1127 when production was halted with the defeat of the Northern Song Dynasty by the Jin Dynasty. Almost immediately the Ru Kiln Ware became incredibly valuable. The kiln was located in Henan Province’s Ruzhou County, which is where the kiln got its name.
The site of the Ru official kiln in the Qingliang Temple is about 20 kilometers west of Baofeng County. The kiln looks little different from ordinary common kilns, but experts have confirmed that these are actually Song Dynasty remains. Within the site, there are 15 kilns, two workshops and 22 garbage pits.
Precious Ru Kiln is the best in the world. Observing the color of glaze you can find it is just like the sun shines again after rain, mile and ancient as well as simple: touching its surface, you can feel smooth and exquisite just like beautiful jade.
The 10 th century A.D.(Song Dynasty ). A morning star is rising in Chinese porcelain history-Ru Kiln
Amount of treasures of Ru Kiln which can be handed down from ancient times is less than 70pcs, which are all rare treasures.
The host Ru Kiln shows its amazing beautiful by its meteoric, graceful and peaceful features as well as natural beauty without any flowery decoration.
The Discovery of Ru Kiln
The porcelain of the Ru kiln is considered to be the most highly prized and rarest of all the ceramics made by the artisans of ancient China. This is because of the limited number of pieces that are in existence today. Before the discovery of the original location of the kiln in 1986, there were less then 60 pieces of Ru china intact.
The kiln site was found in the province of Henan, Baofeng County in the village of Qingliangsi. Through careful archaeological digging there have been 37 more pieces of Ru porcelain uncovered. Of those pieces, 22 were intact and the rest were fragments.
How Ru Kiln China was Made
Ru kiln porcelain has a beautiful smooth vitreous glaze that covers the entire piece including the rims of the mouth and feet. This is because the Ru kiln pieces were supported by thin pieces, called studs that left three or five tiny indentations, about the size of sesame seeds, on the base of the porcelain piece. The studs allowed the glaze to cove the entire vessel.
The glasslike finish of Ru kiln pieces range from a celadon green with a tinge of sapphire blue to sky blue. The pieces generally have fine, irregular crackles all over the surface, called crab claw veins by the Chinese.
Most of the pieces fired in the Ru kiln for the Imperial government were small, measuring only about 8 inches high with the largest measuring 12 inches in height. The mouths of most of the round Ru kiln wares measured from 4-6 inches in diameter. These porcelain pieces include:
Ru Kiln Porcelain Today
Most of the porcelain of the Ru kiln is housed in museums of China and other countries. The following are the known whereabouts of Ru porcelain.
More then 40 pieces are in The Palace Museums in Taipei and Beijing, China
Eight pieces are in the Shanghai Museum of China
Two pieces are in the Tianjing Museum of China
Two pieces in the Henan Museum of China
Seven pieces are housed at the Percival David Foundation of Chinese Art in London, England
Two pieces are in the Rohsska Museum of Design and Decorative Art in Sweden
There are known pieces in private collections in the United States, China, Japan and England
Porcelain Pictures from the Ru Kiln
Dongdao Ru Ware, the No. one Kiln in the world.
Dongdao tea tool (pots and cups etc.) are well received for its simplistic design, elegant appearance, a combination of simple aesthetics and noble character, looking from a distance you are amazed. However, coming closer, they are attractive and approachable. Its color reminds of the clear sky after a rain. They feel like jade ware, smooth and fine. The heritage of the noble character and ingenuity exhibited in Dongdao tea tools. Make the Dongdao tea tools objects of collection by the connoisseurs. Dongdao Ru Kiln ware tells people of a legendary history.
The First of Celadon & Ringleader Ru Kiln
Ru kiln porcelain had been listed on the top five famous Kilns ( Ru,Jun,Guan,Ge,Ding) in Song Dynasty, which had been praised as “The first of Celadon & Ringleader Ru Kiln” and keep the same until now. Ru Kiln is in the first position among all porcelain with exquisite base, stiff structure and glossy glaze color. Starting from Song, Yuan, Ming, Qing Dynasty, Ru Kiln had been used in royal court, and kept in royal court warehouse being considered as treasure, which can compare with sacrificial vessels in Song Dynasty and ancient cooking vessels of Zhou Dynasty. It was also said that no matter how many treasures you have, it still can not compare with a piece of Ru Kiln porcelain.
Shape—simple and exquisite, pure and substantial
Shape of Ru Kiln porcelain is grand and generous, anciently simple and graceful, the base cliff, pretty and stylish. Exquisite techniques and making with charms
Being eminent above all others of the same kind
Ru Kiln breaks new ground for the future in the Chinese porcelain history. It is eminent above all other of the same kind, which creates new style of celadon porcelain culture, builds up a good sample for the porcelain of simple color in Ming and Qing dynasties and erects monument for the development of porcelain ware. Ru Kiln has elegant and quiet beauty like mild jade, which is solid, generous and lenient, which is exceedingly beautiful, solemn and quiet, simple and generous.
Being polished again and again, coming up with excellent product finally
The firing techniques of Ru Kiln are very complicated. The porcelain base is made with more than 10 kinds of mines after being filtered by tambours of 80meshes and 120meshes, sucked all the irons by magnetite and tagged into slop, then slop being put into mold. After being dried, the porcelain base shall be polished for 3 times to make it smooth, thereafter, being fired for 10 hours at the temperature of 800’c, later being polished for 2 times. It will be finished after putting glaze on porcelain base and being dried, then fired for 13 hours; the detailed procedures are 18 steps. The main procedure of firing is the procedure of oxidation reduction under 1260’C high temperature and get rid of oxygen atom from silicate. But the rate of finished product is just 17%, as for the excellent product, even fewer.
Color---cyan like sky, surface like jade
Ru Kiln porcelain uses carnelian into glaze, which has beautiful quality, graceful, clean and simple with soft color full of water sense. For the light glaze color, it is like broad sky which is called “sky cyan” : for the dark glaze color , it is like the sunshine after rain, which is called “pink cyan” : for the white glaze color, it is like shinning star which is call “moon white”.
Crackle---silk like chaeto, quality like gold
Since the separation of glaze materials (carnelian crystal), the ware surface appears beautiful small crackle like scale, the pearl shape crystal is around the bubble, just like morning stars, it is very unique.
Textural Quality---smooth like skin, feel like fat
Ru Kiln porcelain is soft and smooth, feel like Chi with transparent and fruit juice. When being watched, it is like the green of mountain full of trees, having the beautiful of jade.
The host Ru Kiln is ancient, simple and elegant, with average smooth sense, taking the excellent technique of Ru Kiln and soul of changing of glaze color, which continues the great reputation of No.1 porcelain.
Notice on Collection and Appreciation of Ru Kiln Product:
[ Fostering of Ru Kiln porcelain]
1. When appreciation Ru Kiln porcelain, you shall wash the inner and exterior of Ru Kiln clearly to avoid any oil contacting with it:
2. When using it, you can use fostering pot brush to moisten the surface of Ru Kiln by tea liquid, then appreciate the changing of cicada wing like lines(for the host Ru Kiln ware used for long period, the appearance of tea lines is normal, it show ancient charms ).
3. After finishing using it, you shall clean all the tea-leaf and wash by clean water and dry it.
4. Before the Ru Kiln is used, it can be put in dry and clean room.
[Collection of Ru Kiln Porcelain]
1. Ru Kin shall be put in a room which is well ventilated, dry and clean room.
2. After being fostered and appreciated, the host Ru Kiln will show its unique wise, the changing of its cicada wing like lines varies from each, which also makes each one the unique in the world. It is the best artwork which is worthwhile to be collected.
3. The Ru Kiln porcelain shall not be keep without being used for long period. Feel the function of enjoying while using to appreciate its texture and tea mixing together showing the art sense.
4. The person who collects it can feel the soul of culture by heart: making mud forever, tasting the great sample of art.