Nanjing Brocade Research Institute
The origin of Nanjing Brocade Research Institute(NBRI) is "Brocade Research Group" founded in 1954, one of the earliest research institutions in industrial arts for New China, with Professor Chen Zhifo, a well-known Chinese industrial arts expert, as head of the group.
In December 1956, our late premier Zhou Enlai denoted: "Our comrades in Nanjing are anticipated to inherit the technology of B, and carry it forward." Sanctioned by Jiangsu People's Government, NBRI was set up in 1957. It was the first industrial arts research institute of its kinds that was under the leadership of Nanjing Handicraft Industry Bureau(the origin of Nanjing Second Light Industry Bureau) and under the operation guidance of Nanjing Cultural Bureau in New China. From then on, as the nation's unique Brocade research institution, NBRI has been charged with the historical task to protect the inheritance.
In 1973, the institute recruited nearly one hundred young staff and set up an experimental factory. In 1982, to save and develop our nation's various kinds of folk B, China Light Industry Ministry decided to allocate specific funds to establish "China Research Production and Experimental Center for Brocade Industrial Arts" on the basis of NBRI, and Silk Fabrics Specialty Commission subordinate to China Industrial Arts Academy was founded with the Institute as the Commission's chairman unit and the venue for the Academy. At the same time, "China Silk Fabrics Exhibit Hall" was set up in the Institute. Thus, the Institute was made the nation’s center for silk fabrics trade. Under the leadership and support of China Cultural Relics Bureau, the Institute became the Bureau's research and experimental base for the ancient silk cultural relics duplications.
In 1994, China Silk Fabrics Village(CSFV) was built under the joint efforts of the Institute and Nanjing Tourism Bureau, thus securing the comprehensive protection of our folk's silk fabrics technology and presenting an "on-the-spot" display to the visitors with duplicated silk fabrics and loom models.
With persistent endeavor of several generations of researchers in the past 40 years, NBRI has collected 970 pieces of material objects with specialty values for display, among which a great part are important cultural relics, and over 2000 Yun Silk pattern materials including "Hanfu Scripture" left over from the ancient official silk fabrics bureaus and 58000 volumes of specialty books.
CSFV covers an area for display of 1500 square meters composed of four floors. The first floor
The origin of Nanjing cloud-pattern brocade can be traced back to 1,500 years ago. It used to be the brocade that was reserved only for the emperors and the royal family members in the dynasties of Yuan, Ming and Qing. It is said that the cloud-pattern brocade was used to make imperial robes and hats as well as the concubines' clothing. In Qing Dynasty, the development of Nanjing cloud-pattern brocade entered its period of full bloom. At that time, there were more than 30,000 looms with nearly 300,000 workers engaging in this trade. The weaving technique of Nanjing cloud-pattern brocade was so complicated that only five to six centimeters of brocade could be woven every day. In the year of 2001, Nanjing cloud-pattern brocade has been selected into candidate programmes of the oral and intangible heritage of human at UNESCO.
Different colors of silk threads for weaving Nanjing cloud-pattern brocade
Two weavers are weaving the Nanjing cloud-pattern brocade.
Two tourists are viewing the replica of ancient Chinese emperor's costume displayed in Nanjing Cloud-Pattern Brocade Museum, east China's Jiangsu Province.
Senior artisan Jin Wen introduces the replica of the cloud-pattern brocade masterpiece in the Qing Dynasty(1644-1911) "The Branch-Climbing Boy with Decorative Patterns "