Situated 108'37"-117'50" east longitude and 3'58"-20'20" north latitude, Hainan Province, at the southernmost tip of China, is separated from Guangdong Province on the mainland by the Qiongzhou Straits. Established as a province in April 1988, Hainan covers an area of 34,000 square kilometers, including the Hainan Island and the Xisha, Nansha, and Zhongsha islands and their surrounding territorial waters.
Hainan enjoys a tropical monsoon climate and is frost-free all year round. It has a mean annual temperature of 22.5oC-26oC, and a mean annual precipitation of 1,500-2,600 mm. It is frequently visited by typhoons throughout the year.
Administrative Division and Population
It is divided into 2 prefecture-level cities, 7 county-level cities, 4 counties and 6 autonomous counties, with a population of 7.87 million by 2000, mainly including ethnic groups of Han, Li, Hui, Miao and Zhuang.
Nowadays, Hainan cuisine is very popular all over the world, especially the fresh and delicious seafood.
Qiong Opera, songs and dances of Li and Miao nationalities
What particularly attracts tourists, both domestic and foreign, to Hainan is its characteristic beauty of south China with sunshine, beaches, seawater and hot springs. As a result if recent efforts, Hainan has completed and put into use a series of holiday resorts with high-level hotels, becoming a fabulous competitor in the tourist market of East Asia. Leading festivals are the Hainan International Festival of Coconuts and Third Day of Third Lunar Month Festival.
About 6,000 years ago, there were ancient people living in present Hainan area. Hainan first entered written history in 110BC, when the Han Dynasty (206BC-220AD) established a garrison there. In the Yuan dynasty (1271-1368) it became an independent province, but was placed under Guangdong Province in 1370 during the Ming Dynasty (1368-1644).
Hainan Province, also called Qiong, is located in the southernmost part of China. The Hainan Island is like a circle island. From the center spread outward, the rugged hills, plains and sea were linked one after another. Zengmu'ansha is the hottest place in the southwest.
Established in 1988, Hainan Province is the largest special economic zone and the youngest province in China. It abounds in minerals and resources of animals and plants, especially its rich petroleum and natural gas. With the high speed of economic development, it becomes the key production base of tropical products in China, including sugar cane, peanuts, coco, coffee, sisal, pineapple, seafood, precious timber and plastic, etc.
The Hainan Island has a coastal line of 1,580 kilometers, and it enjoys a tropical monsoon climate and is frost-free all year round. The climate is warm all year round with sunshine most of the times. The forest area covers more than 50% of the total island. Its natural beauty has gained a good reputation among the visitors and has been widely known around the world. People call it "the Oriental Hawaii".
With blue clear sea and fresh air, the island is covered with beautiful tropical plants. There are many famous places to visit, such as the Wugong Temple (the Five Officials Memorial Temple), the scenic spot of Tianya Haijiao (the Remotest End of the Earth and Corner of the Ocean), the Dadong River and the Yalong Bay in Sanya City.
Hainan is a multinational region, and there the ethnic villages of Li and Miao are very typical. The hospitable villagers will treat you with traditional food as well as wonderful singing and dancing performances. So the Li and Miao Villages in Hainan are well worth a visit.
has over 50 locally-owned and operated hotels, catering mostly to Chinese and Russian tour groups. It is a long curved bay with a busy public beach, dotted with rented chairs and beach-loving tourists. Shark nets are set up to help alleviate swimmers’ fears.
Just up the beach on the boardwalk is a restaurant area serving
seafood, with eight to 14-seat tables catering to noisy, hungry tour groups. For a quiet walks and beautiful scenery away from the crowds, take a five-minute cab ride to the Luhuitou Peninsula
. At the hilltop is the beautiful Luhuitou Park famous for its lush tropical flora and fabulous views of the city and ocean.
Sanya Bay is 15km stretch of white beach, catering mostly to Chinese groups on cheap package tours. There are no international hotels, and the majority of quality English-speaking staff have been lured away to upmarket Yalong Bay.
Still, this beach is a great place to walk along, particularly in the evening. Picture postcard sunsets, complete with old fishing junks and pipe-smoking fishermen, are standard. After dark, there is a nice boardwalk for strolling or people-watching. A nice way to tour the city is to flag down one of the many motorbike and sidecar taxis. You can negotiate an hour’s tour of the beaches and backstreets for around Rmb40. Grab an ice-cold beer from one of the ubiquitous corner shops and don’t forget to slow down when you hit the seafront where hundreds of locals gather to perform synchronised disco-dancing.
in Sanya is centered along Dadonghai Beach
. Most of the action is on Yuhai Lu, where there are rows of seafood restaurants and beachside bars. Some of the beachside hotels have barbecues and various types of musical performances (both Western and Chinese).
Food-wise, Sanya’s most atmospheric and fun eating option turns out to be its cheapest. As the sun goes down locals set up makeshift BBQ restaurants in the streets surrounding the beaches and markets. Simply find yourself a table and then buy what you want from any of the vast number of food stalls and wok wagons assembled by the locals. A delicious and complete meal for one can be had for Rmb15-20. A large bottle of cold beer (from the corner shop) should cost around Rmb4-6.
Yalong Bay 25km east of Sanya City is the focus of the current upscale building boom. It has a 7km stretch of white sand beach, perfect for sunbathers and beach sports fanatics. The bay is privately owned and operated. This high security makes it ideal for families with young children. Indeed many of the hotels, particularly the pioneering Sheraton Sanya Resort, have special clubs and day-schools designed to keep children amused and parents hands-free. If all this organization and cleanliness leaves you with cabin fever for some good old fashioned seaside city sleaze, grab a taxi to downtown Sanya for about Rmb50 one-way.
Boao Scenic Zone
, on the eastern side of Hainan, is China's newest
international resort and convention area and already it is giving Beihai a run for its money.
Some 53 miles from Haikou airport, it is a group of three small islands at the junction of the Wanqing River and the ocean - a naturally secure area. Since 2002 it has been the permanent site of the Boao Forum for Asia, an annual gathering of the region's political leaders. The majority of the area's hotels are clustered around a new convention centre on Dongyu, the largest of the three islands. Jade belt beach, at the mouth of the river, is unusual - it has seawater on one side and fresh water on the other. The old town of Boao, about three miles away, is quiet but useful for basic shopping. The nearest city, Qionghai, is 10 miles away.