Dr. Sun Yat-sen's Former Residence
Down South of Huaihai Lu, on Number 7 XiangShan Lu is a very peaceful, european style building : it's the former residence of the Chinese political leader Sun Yat-Sen, the foreunner of Chinese democratic revolution. sun Yat-Sen lived in this house with his wife Soong Ching Ling from 1918 to 1925.
Dr. Sun Yat-sen (1866—1925) is a great revolutionary pioneer of 1920s in China. He was the founder of the National Party of China (kuomintang), and was elected the acting President of China in 1912.
Shanghai was the city he visited quite often, and his former residence in Shanghai was located in 29 Moliai Road (present 7 Xiangshan Road), not far from Huaihai Road, one of the main shopping districts and in the heart of the former French Concession area.
Dr. Sun and his wife Madame Song Qing Ling stayed here between 1918 and 1924. After Dr. Sun died in March 1925, Madame Song continued to stay here until 1937.
This house was a gift to Dr. Sun and his wife from some overseas Chinese in Canada who wanted to provide him with at least a stable residence to live in when he was fully engaged in his revolutionary activities.
It was in this house that Dr. Sun reshuffled the National Party of China, reached an agreement for cooperation between the National Party and the Communist Party of China, and made out his plan for the International Development of China.
This two-storey house in European style is a charming relic of times gone by. It is abundant in its collection of cultural relics including the manuscripts of Dr. sun, historical photos, records, and some of the things he once used.
The inside of the house
Inside Sun Yat-Sen's house, visitors can visit all the rooms in wich the leader has lived. Most of the things exhibited in the residence are original and arranged as they were in 1920-1930, according to Soong Ching.
The sitting room and the dining room are on the ground floor while the study, the bedroom and a smaller sitting room are upstairs. There is also an impressive garden in front of the house.
The Dining Room, with in the center a round Cantonese style table, and on the mantelpiece a sward presented by one of Sun's Japanese friends
The study : on the desk is displayed Sun Yat-sen stationery and on the walls are several maps including 2 drawn by Sun Yat-Sen.
The Bedroom is simply furnished with a double bed and a wardrobe.On the mantelpiece is a picture of sun Yat-Sen and his wife, taken in 1922.
In the Small Sitting-room are a suit sun Yat-sen wore, his glasses ans some medical instruments he used when he practiced medicine.
On the Roofed Balcony is an Indonesian woodcarving. On the wall, ther is a picture of Sun Yat-Sen and Soong Ching Ling after they got married.
Today, all tAt the end of 1945, Soong Ching Ling proposed to give this house to the government, intending it to be a site for honoring the memory of Sun Yat-Sen and in 1949, the People's Municipal government of Shanghai took over the preservation of the residence.
On March the 4th, 1961, the former residence of Sun Yat-Sen was designated by the state Counsil as one of China's first major government-protected cultural sites.
he rooms are arranged as they were when Dr. Sun lived here and the house is a fascinating insight into the life of the great man.
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Former Residence of Song Qingling
Madam Song Qingling (Soong Ching Ling) was once the "Honorary President" of the People's Republic of China. She was also the wife of Dr. Sun Yat-sen who was the great revolutionary pioneer of 1920s and the founder of the National Party of China (kuomintang).
Madam Song used to live in Shanghai for a long time, and her former residence is located in 1843 Huaihai Road, in the former French Concession area. She began to live in this house since 1948 until she died in 1981 when she was already ninety years old.
This house was built in 1920, and is a pretty western-style three-storey villa with a large lawn in the front and a beautiful garden at the back. There are some precious paintings from her friends hung on the walls downstairs.
You can also see the portraits of Dr. Sun Yat-sen, and the photo of Chairman Mao Zedong and Madam Song taken when Mao came to visit her in 1961. It was in this house that Madam Song met leading members of the party and the government, and entertained numerous foreign heads of government.
In the dinning-room some important souvenirs and precious gifts were displayed, and a lot of important guests once had dinner here with Madam Song. In the study room, some records and disks of Dr. Sun's famous speeches, as long as his manuscripts were kept.
Upstairs are Song Qingling's bedroom and office, and a quaint display of what are designated to be "cultural relics" that she used during her lifetime, including a set of furniture given by her parents as her wedding gift, and a piano played by her