--Must See Places in Shanghai
Shanghai has countless evidences of its rich history and culture. Here we make a list of the landmarks in Shanghai that are all symbols of its great past, newly built hot-spots and famed places. Follow the list of must see places and discover the most modern and enjoyable city in China.
Shanghai's many landmarks are a true mish-mash of old and new, as the city is racing to worship the god of money, whilst trying to hold on to its historical heritage.
Best of the old and the new
If you’re arriving from Shanghai’s Pudong airport, make an exciting entrance into the city via the world’s fastest train, the Maglev, which runs from the airport to the Lujiazui Financial district. Kids will love how the train appears to “fly” over the ground, forced upwards into the air by virtue of a strong magnetic field. The lack of surface contact allows the train to reach incredible speeds: up to 433 km per hour. Be sure to show your airport ticket if you have one; this grants you a slight discount on the train ride.
The Bund, Yuyuan Garden and Xintiandi are called Shanghai's three main landmarks.
The Bund is a symbol of Shanghai. The Bund has dozens of historical buildings, lining the Huangpu River, that once housed numerous banks and trading houses from the United Kingdom, France, the United States, Italy, Russia, etc. The Bund houses 52 buildings of various architectural styles such as Romanesque, Gothic,Renaissance, Baroque,
Neo-Classical,Beaux-Arts, and Art Deco. The buildings are harmonious in color and style, thus gaining the name of "Gallery of World Architecture". When night falls and the lights are on, all the buildings are lit with colorful lights, glistening and dazzling to the eye.
Yuyuan GardenA famous classical garden in south China , it was once famed as the “top beauty in southeast China”. First built during the Ming Dynasty, 400 years ago, by a Sichuan minister of finance named Pan Yunduan, it has been several times renovated by the government since the Liberation and is now one of the key relic sites in the country under state protection. The garden is divided into the scenic sections of “Mountains and Forests in the City”, "Magnificent Woods and Beautiful Valleys”, "Historical Relics of Heralding Spring”, "Water and Rockery Scenery”, "Tops in the World” and the Inner Garden.. Today, the area around the garden has become a hot business center of Shanghai. The famous Yuyuan Tourist Mart is to the south of the garden, selling traditional Chinese-style commodities such as red lanterns, porcelain and Qipao (Chinese style frocks).
Located in the center of Shanghai, Xintiandi has become a tourist attraction that holds the historical and cultural legacies of the city. Shanghai Xintiandi is a fashionable pedestrian street composed of Shikumen, a style of housing in Shanghai that blends features of east and west, and modern architecture styles. Xintiandi is unique because of the concept behind its construction. It retains the antique walls, tiles and exterior of the Shikumen housing of old Shanghai. Its interior, however, embodies a totally different world of international galleries, bars and cafes, boutiques and theme restaurants.
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With the development of the Pudong New Area, the Oriental Pearl Broadcasting and TV Tower, the Jinmao Tower and Shanghai's World Financial Center, located in Lujiazui Finance and Trade Zone, have become the city's new landmarks.
The Shanghai World Financial Center is a supertall skyscraper in Shanghai. It is a mixed use skyscraper which consists of offices, hotels, conference rooms, observation decks, and shopping malls on the ground floors. Park Hyatt Shanghai is the hotel component containing 174 rooms and suites.This hotel becomes the highest in the world, surpassing the Grand Hyatt Shanghai on the 53rd to 87th floors of the neighboring Jin Mao Tower.
Jinmao Tower , one of the symbolic buildings of the 21st century in Shanghai, is a 88-story super high-rise with the height of 420.5 meters.It is the second highest building in China. It was completed in August 28, 1998.
The main building is from the 1F to 52F, which is used for offices. From the 53F to 87F is a five-star Grand Hyatt Hotel and the 88F is for sightseeing. The skirt building is mainly used for finance, trade, service and entertainment. The most advanced technologies are applied in the building. The designer is S.O.M Office from USA .
The Oriental Pearl TV Tower is located at the tip of Lujiazui in the Pudong district, by the side of Huangpu River, opposite The Bund of Shanghai.It was designed by Jia Huan Cheng of the Shanghai Modern Architectural Design Co. Ltd. Construction began in 1991 and the tower was completed in 1995. At 468 m (1,535 feet) high, it was the tallest structure in mainland China from 1994–2007, when it was surpassed by the Shanghai World Financial Center. The Oriental Pearl TV Tower belongs to the World Federation of Great Towers.
Squares are always good exhibits of a city's characteristics. In Shanghai, the showpiece public spaces are People's Square, Grand Gateway Plaza and Super Brand Mall.
People's Square is one of the most famous city squares in China. It is located in the center of Shanghai. In the square's northeast stands the Shanghai Urban Planning Exhibition Hall. The Shanghai Grand Theatre is in the northwest of the square. Between the two buildings stands the City Hall. In the south stands the Shanghai Museum. People's Avenue runs through the square and a large lawn sits in the middle. Many pigeons can be seen flying here and there. Below the square sits China's largest underground shopping mall.
With a unique style, the Grand Gateway Plaza is a 21st-century Shanghai landmark. It is one of the biggest shopping malls in the center of Shanghai, offering many Chinese and world-known brands. The Grand Gateway Office Towers have attracted many well-known enterprises and foreign celebrities to settle in them.
The Super Brand Mall, the biggest shopping mall on the Chinese Mainland, is beside the Huangpu River and adjacent to the Oriental Pearl and Jinmao towers. With 20,000-square-meter stores featuring world-class names and a 4,000-square-meter jewelry gallery, the Super Brand Mall has gathered more than a thousand brands from home and abroad.
Since the beginning of the Nineties, as most flourishing commercial and cutural centers in China, the famous streets with characteristics like Nanjing Road, Huaihai Road, Hengshan Road, Duolun Road retains the finest of the old and new Shanghai. The streets of Shanghai are not so broad. There are a lot of Chinars flourishing on the both sides of the streets in spring and summer. Walking on the streets and smelling the aroma of the gardenias, the pedestrians are endued with an agreeable and leisure feel.
Roads and streets with different styles make up the main structure of Shanghai and show the city's colorful characteristics.
The garish neon on the Nanjing Road The Nanjing Road is the most busiest and luxuriant commercial strip in Shanghai. Serriedly, the row upon row of thousands of stores line on both sides of the Nanjing Road where has practically concentrated the commercial quintessence of Shanghai, it is strictly worth the name of "shopper's paradise". There are many Chinese traditional stores, including the famous Shanghai No.1 Department Store, Yong'an Department Store, Sincere Department Store and the New Department Store. Also on West Nanjing Road sit Shanghai's top business centers, such as Meilong Zhen (Westgate Mall Branch), Citic Square and Henglong Plaza.
Built in 1901, the 6-km-long Huaihai Road is located in the center of Shanghai. It is a trendy and fashionable street matched only by Paris' Champs Elysees, New York's Fifth Avenue and Tokyo's Ginza. Huaihai Road holds more than 400 stores, including many internationally renowned department stores such as Paris Spring, the Japanese Isetan and Parkson's.
Known as Fangband Road, "Shanghai Old Street" with a total of 825 meters, is adjacent to the Yuyuan Garden Bazaar Area and runs in an east-west direction from Zhonghua Road to Henan Road South, with both ends marked by decorated archways.The eastern section restores the residential character of the late Qing; the western section mainly imitates the structures of Ming and Qing, for-ming an antique style.
Hengshan Road was built in 1892 and was once called Avenue Petain, a famous road in the French Concession. Hengshan Road was given its name in October 1943. Today, it is known for hosting some of Shanghai's most booming nightlife. Besides, it is also a leisure street with music stores, publishing houses and art galleries.
The Road of History-Wukang Road in Shanghai In Shanghai , there are 64 roads that are not allowed to broaden. Among these 64 roads, Wukang Road is the most special one. Its north and south link two Shanghai’s most prosperous avenues. However, Wukang Road extraordinarily keeps its unique mystery and tranquility. Walking in Wukang Road, different with the bustle and hustle of the outside world, all you feel is quiet and peace from heart.
Besides the well-known Shanghai Museum, the city has also built many medium- and small-sized regional, personal and industrial museums. By the end of 2010, the number of museums in Shanghai will reach 150.
The Shanghai Museum is dedicated to ancient Chinese art. It was founded and first opened to the public in 1952 in the former horse-racing club at 325 West Nanjing Road. It later moved into the former Zhonghui Building at 16 South Henan Road. The Museum possesses a collection of 120,000 precious works of art, including ancient bronzes, paintings and sculptures.
Shanghai's History Museum is located on Hongqiao Road. It was opened in May 1984 and formerly known as the Shanghai Historical Relic Exhibition Hall. Today, it holds more then 30,000 cultural relics including ancient local cultural relics and more than 18,000 modern pieces, reflecting changes throughout the history of the city.
The Shanghai Natural History Museum was built in 1956. The museum houses a collection of 240,000 samples, including over 62,000 animal specimens, 135,000 plant specimens, 700 Stone Age relics and 1,700 mineral samples. There are also extinct and rare species which cannot be found elsewhere outside China, such as a Yellow River mammoth, a giant salamander, a giant panda and a Yangtze River alligator.