Steamers and barges operate seasonal services on the Ili and Ertix rivers.
Xinjiang boasts the greatest number of airports and the longest air routes of all the provinces and autonomous regions of China.
Urumqi International Airport is one of China's six major airports with flights to West Asian and European countries.
Centered on Urumqi, domestic air routes radiate out to Lanzhou, Xi'an, Beijing and Shanghai. Closer to home, routes within Xinjiang itself serve Hami, Korla, Kuqa, Hetian, Kashi, Aksu, Yining, Karamay, Fuyun, and Altay.
Reconstruction and expansion is currently underway at Urumqi International Airport. At the end of 2003, its civil aviation routes totaled 116,000 kilometers (down 12.1 percent). Freight volumes were down 22 percent at 64 million ton-kilometers with passenger transport up 4.3 percent at 4.09 billion person-kilometers.
Urumqi Airport Transportation
Situated about 17 km (about 10.6 miles) northwest of the city center, Urumqi International Airport (URC) is one of the busiest air hubs in China. The airport meets the 4E Standards Airport of the International Civil Aviation. Every week, over 700 flights leave here for 53 destination cities in China, such as Beijing, Shanghai, Xian, Chengdu, Lanzhou, Dunhuang, Harbin, Guangzhou and Qingdao, etc. as well as 14 foreign destinations including Tashkent, Novosibirsk, Moscow, Islamabad, Almaty and Bishkek. You can book flight tickets at most high-rated hotels in Urumqi.
Airport Inquiring: (0991) 3801453 3802695
Hongshan (Red Hill) Ticket Office: 62, Youhao Nan Lu
Beimen Ticket Office: 2, Xinmin Lu
The airport shuttle bus is convenient for traveling between the airport and the downtown area. The shuttle bus city terminal is at Red Hill Park gate. It takes about half an hour to downtown Urumqi; price is 10 Yuan per person. If you would like to take a taxi, the cost is around 40 to 50 Yuan. Also public bus No. 51 (1 Yuan per person) can take passengers to the downtown area.
Urumqi is linked by rail to six major Chinese cities, including Xian, Shanghai, Beijing, Chengdu, Zhengzhou and Lanzhou. Due to the great distances, we strongly advise you to take hard or soft sleeper berth. Train services also connect Urumqi with other main cities in Xinjiang, such as Korla, Aksu, Kuitun, and Liuyuan. The train station is in the southwest part of the city. It will cost you 10 Yuan to take a taxi from the city center to the station. There are ticket offices situate in Huanghe Lu and No. 3 in Jianshe Lu. Remember to buy tickets at least three days in advance.
Long-haul buses go to most cities in Xinjiang every day. There are also special tourist lines to Heavenly Lake (120 km), Southern Pastures (75km), Turpan (200km), Shihezi (150km), etc.
Northern Suburb Passenger Transport Station
Address: 8, Dongba Jiahu Lu
Route: for places in eastern Xinjiang Province
Southern Suburb Passenger Transport Station
Address: 1, Yan'erwo Lu, Santunbei
Route: for destinations in southern Xinjiang Province
Nianzigou Passenger Transport Station
Address: Heilongjiang Lu
Route: mainly to places in southern and northern Xinjiang Province