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Emin Minarat 

Location: Turpan, Xinjiang

Transportation: Bus service

The Emin (or Imin) Minaret (or Su Gong Ta) is one of the more distinguished landmarks of the Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, which also called "Sugong minerat" and "The Turpan minerat" by the local Uygur people. It is located 2 kilometerseast of the city of Turpan. (Turfan, or Tulufan) and near the ancient Uygur capital of Gaochang and the cave temples of Bezeklik along the ancient Silk Road. Built in 1778, it is the biggest minerat in Xinjiang, and has an architectural style all its own.

 

The minaret is 44 meters high and has a tapering shape, leading to a small dome pavilion at the top. The outline of the minaret is perfectly round. The structure was accomplished in one go, and is very simple and unaffected. Uneven floral bricks were laid up exquisitely and distributed in a ring shape on the exterior. There are more than 1O patterns, which are succinct and natural. At the entrance of the minerat stands a stone tablet erected when the minerat was built, which was built by Turpan prefecture commandant Su Laiman in honor of his father, Emin Khoja, who was granted the titles of Zhenguo Duke and Turfan Prince by Emperor Qianlong for Emin's efforts in quelling the rebellions and thus preserving the territorial integrity of China.

 

Next to the minerat is the biggest mosque in the Turpan area, and the two form an integral whole. The rectangular mosque has a hall in its middle and an arched gate with a pointed top.The hall can hold up to one thousand people attending service. During religious festivals, crowds of people stream into the mosque and make the mosque a hive of activity. Visitors no longer are permitted to walk up the 72 steps to the top of the minaret, but there is a nice view from the balcony overlooking the mosque. The interior of the mosque has a simplicity with its wooden pillars and beamed ceiling. The mosque has been restored since these photographs were taken in 1988.

 

The vertical and perfectly round tall pagoda, and the horizontal salat mosque formed with straight lines, achieve a rich contrast between round and square, curve and straight line, high and low, and vertical and level. The front part of the house wall is protruding and slightly elevated appropriately adding some change. The courtyard wall between the house wall and the big pagoda is short, while the other side is relatively long, and although not symmetrical. They are even. The whole Emin Mosque presents a single ecru color and is in perfect coordination with the Surrounding loess, reaching a high degree of harmony with the environment.