The twin peaks of Mount Lishan are 1200 meters or 3940 feet high and they lie 26 kilometers to the east of Xi'an. The highest peak of Mount Lishan in Xian reaches 1256 meters above sea level. The famous Laojun Temple sits on top of the western peak of the mountain. There are many popular legends associated to the Mount Lishan, Xian. According to legend, on the east of the hill is the spot where the Emperor Xuanzong and his concubine Lady Yang made solemn promises to love one another for ever!
The pines and cypresses on the mountain are exuberantly green all year round. Around the middle mountain stand the Lady of Lishan Temple and Laojun Temple interspersed with pavilions and towers, making it a really nice summer resort. Such famous scenic spots as the Beacon Tower, Huaqing Pool, Jiulong Hot Spring and the Forced Remonstration Pavilion (constructed to commemorate the Xi'an Incident) add luster to the mountain.
Legends and History about Lishan Mountain
The mountain first became a popular retreat during the Tang Dynasty when the Emperors enjoyed climbing up here and taking in the wonderful view, the Hot Springs and the various statues and pavilions en route. A pavilion rises up out of thick grass on the slope approaching the Huaqing Hot Springs. It was at this spot that on December 12th 1936 Chiang Kai-shek was taken prisoner by two of his officers and forced to join with the Communists in the struggle against the Japanese invaders.
On the east of the hill is also the spot where the Emperor Xuanzong and his concubine Lady Yang made solemn promises to love one another for ever! The Huaqing Hot Springs are to be found 26km east of Xi'an at the foot of Mount Lishan in a large park containing a number of public baths and some modern palaces built in the Tang style. The hot springs, rich in minerals and with a temperature of 43°C, were highly regarded more than 3000 years ago. The Tang Emperor Xuanzong often spent the winter here in the company of his favorite concubine Yang Guifei. Soon, the imperial baths were destroyed. In the 1980s, the foundations and bath basins were excavated, and the original buildings in the style of the Tang period were rebuilt on top.
Mt. Lishan Scenic Spots
Sunset Pavilion (Wanzhao Ting)
Mt. Lishan Sunset is one of the eight scenic sights in Guanzhong (the area between the Loess Plateau and Qinling Mountain in Shaanxi). The Sunset Pavilion (Wanzhao Ting) was built to appreciate the splendid sunset. From the pavilion one can have a bird's eye view of the Huaqing Hot Spring, the East Garden and the Wei River.
Remonstrance Pavilion (Bingjian Ting)
The Remonstrance Pavilion (Bingjian Ting), signifies where Zhang Xueliang and Yang Hucheng (both generals of the Republic of China) caught Chiang Kai-shek (the President of the Republic of China) and forced him to fight against the Japanese invaders during the Anti-Japanese War (1937-1945).
Beacon Tower (Fenghuo Tai)
The Beacon Tower is where the battlefield report was passed and troops deployed in ancient China. At the end of the Western Zhou Dynasty, Emperor You married a beauty Baosi, but she never smiled once they were married. In order to make her laugh, he lightened the signal fire and teased the vassals. Later when the aggressors intruded, Emperor Zhou lightened the fire but no vassal came to rescue him and the Western Zhou Dynasty was then vanquished.
Laojun Palace (Laojun Dian)
Laojun Palace is the place where Lao Tzu is worshiped. Lao Tzu was an ancient Chinese philosopher and the founder of Taoism. The Laojun Palace is a Taoism Temple. It is said that in Tang Dynasty, Emperor Xuanzong has accidentally seen Lao Tzu's manifestation twice in the temple. The white jade statue of Lao Tzu was once worshiped in the temple, however during the Tang Dynasty it was partly destroyed in war. The statue is now reserved in the Shaanxi Historical Museum.
||08:00 - 17:00|
|Best time to visit:
||May - June|
1. From Xian,
Take Tourist Bus No.5 (306) running from the East Square of Xian Railway Station to the Terracotta Warriors, passing Lishan. Estimated journey time: 45mins. Bus Fare: CNY4. Service Hour: 07:00 to 18:00. Frequency: 10mins.
Take Bus No. 307, 914, or 915 from urban Xian. Estimated journey time: 45mins to 60mins. Bus Fare: CNY4. Frequency: 5mins.
Take taxi from Xian Railway Station to Lishan. The estimated taxi fare is CNY180 for a single trip.
2. From Lintong,
Take Bus No. 101, 102, 201, 301 or 826 in Lintong District, that is, Bus No. 5101, 5102, 5201, 5301 or 5826 in Xian to Lishan.
Take taxi in downtown Lintong to Lishan. Taxi Fare: CNY5.
By Cable Car.
Fare: CNY40 for round trip; CNY25 for single uphill trip; CNY20 for single downhill trip