Home>>>City Guide>>>>Attraction>>>>Xian

Stone Helmet and Armor near Emperor Qin mausoleum

In 1998, the archeologists conducted a local discovery in an area of more than 13000 square meters of the largest size of accompanying pit about 200 meters in the southeast part of the mound of Emperor Qinshihuang's Mausoleum. They discovered 90 stone armors, 36 stone helmets and stone armors for horse. They were made of black limestone with fine texture and fine color, and they were bunched by bronze silk string after grinding and drilling. There were 800 pieces of refined armor and even better in labor than the armor on the figurines. This reflects the high development of manual manufacturing and the construction complexity of the Emperor Qinshihuang's Mausoleum. The discovery of these stone armor, helmet and armor for horse vividly illustrates the Qin military protective equipment condition, make up for the lack of the literature on Qin armor and helmet, rich people’s awareness on the military question in Qin Dynasty.

To date only one set of stone armor and one stone helmet have been restored. Another painstaking achievement. The weight of the stone armor is 18 kilograms and the helmet about 3.1k which would seemingly make it very impractical to wear. Experts in the field consider that it may have been made especially as a funerary object for the tomb of Emperor Qin, rather than an item to actually wear into battle .



The Eaves Tile With Dragon Decoration

Eaves Tile with Dragon Decoration, also named as “decay cover”, is a tile in the front end of a watt. With a semicircular Tongwa overlying buckle at one end of the roof to cover the purling head, it plays a very good anti-rot protective effect. An Eave Tile with Dragon Decoration discovered in the Emperor Qinshihuang's Mausoleum Site showed a large semi-circular shape, with the diameter of 61 centimeters and height of 48 centimeters. The tile is with a semicircular Tongwa in length of 32 centimeters on the back side and with a decoration of Kui pattern on the front side. It fully conveys the Qin Empire Powerful ambitious aesthetic by the vigorous line. This Eave Tile with Dragon Decoration conveys important message to the people and make them be able to imagine the grand style of the Emperor Qinshihuang's Mausoleum and provide more direct physical evidence to realize the size of the entire cemetery.

The Civilian Figurine

Emperor Qinshihuang's Mausoleum underground cultural relics and sites often bring unexpected surprise to people. For example, the discovery of civilian figurine has improved people’s knowledge of the Qin Dynasty history. In 2000, 8 civilian figurines which were different from the Qin Terra-Cotta Warriors and Horses Figurines were discovered in the accompanying pit about 50 meteres in the southwest part of the mound of Emperor Qinshihuang's Mausoleum. They were wearing high caps on the head, long shirts on the body, and hanging whetstone on the right side of the waist, standing with two hands in the sleeves in a civilian manner. The symbol identity of these figurines and the nature of the relic pit were still unclear, but they have great significance in realizing the connotation of Emperor Qinshihuang's Mausoleum Site and the politics in Qing Dynasty. At present, on the basis of the relic site, No.006 accompanying exhibition hall have been constructed and opened to the public to show the original site.

Terracotta Warriors Finding the Terra Cotta Warriors
warriors Cotta Pot No. 1.   Production process of Qin Terracotta Army
Third Excavation of Pit 1  Lifelike Terra Cotta Figures
Terracotta Army Pit No.2   Military Formation of Terra Cotta Army
Terra Cotta Pit No. 3  Exquisite Weapons of Terracotta Army
Bronze Chariots  Terra-cotta warriors show their true colors.
terracotta warriors Accessory Pits The Colorful Uniform of Qin Terracotta Figures
  Stone Helmet and Armor near Emperor Qin mausoleum The Statue of Kneeling Archer
 Stories of Terracotta Warriors  Qin Shi Huang Tomb


Attractions In  Xi'an                        More

Terra Cotta Warriors and Horses

Mountain Hua

Huaqing Hot Spring

Qin Shi Huang Tomb