The finds of Qin Terracotta Warriors and Horses are very precious, like three pits. But except for this, experts have also discovered other pits, known as accessory pits, near the three main pits. The builder's graveyards, the slaughter pits, the rare birds and animal pits and the stable pits are included.
Builder's graveyards : There are three builder's graveyards which located about a mile southwest of the Mausoleum of the Emperor Qin Shi Huang. The first one is located to the southwest of Zhaobeihu Village; the second one lies to the east of Wusha Factory east of Lintong; and the third one is found north of Yaochitou Village. Wi th only piles of scattered bones left behind. The larger one is the graveyard near the Zhaobeihu village which is covering an area of 9,688 square yards. It contains 114 graves including 106 Qin graves and 11 Han and Tang graves. Maybe you can count how crowed it will, yes, they are quite crowded together with some arranged at intervals as small as 0.2 yards. In 1980, 32 Qin graves were excavated. They were all rectangular in shape. The smallest one is so narrow that you rare to see in Qin tombs. How small area it is? It’s only 0.9 yards long and 0.7 yards. What’s more, it is astonishing that over 100 skeletons were squeezed into these 32 graves. Examination proved that most of the dead were young males. A man, a woman and a child, possibly a family forced to labor for the Qin government, were found buried together in one grave. The heads of all the skeletons were facing different directions, indicating a hasty burial at that time. Some clear stab wounds in the heads will prove this point that they were barbarously killed by their owners after they built the Qin Mausoleum.
All 116 pieces of exhibits which are discovered in Emperor Qin Shi Huang's Mausoleum Site are now available to view by the public. They are on exhibition since October 10, 2009. Among them, people put their most attention on a skull with a bronze arrowhead. To their surprise: who would have this special arrowhead and what a miserable story it was. It is learned that the skull was unearthed in Shangjiao Village in the outer city of the Emperor Qin Shi Huang's Mausoleum. Its master was one of the sons of Emperor Qin Shi Huang. He was shot dead at an early age by Hu Hai, the second emperor of Qin Dynasty. There is a guess given by the experts: this Prince was murdered when he was at play, judging by his protruding lower jaw which revealed a look of panic and pain. Fortunately, it is easy to model the Prince's feature by his skull according to the modern technology. We can even simulate the look of the Emperor Qin Shi Huang, this is a exciting news for all of us.
Slaughter Pits: Out of the 17 slaughter pits found in the area, 8 of them have been excavated so far. Containing bronze swords and skeletons of five men and two women aged between 20 to 30. Over 200 burial objects such as animal bones, gold decorations, silver, copper, jade, lacquer works and the silk were also found in the pits. Rich ornaments and objects, questions around the persons buried in the place have been raised.
Stable Pits: In Emperor Qin Shihuang's Mausoleum, two sites containing stable pits have been found. Some of the pits contained horses, while others only a statue of a kneeling terracotta warrior. Like for the artisans, the horses are believed to have been buried alive because the four limbs appearing to be traces of the struggling animal. All of this reflects once again the First Emperor's dealing with human lives. By doing this, he wanted to bring anything he had with him to the afterworld, so that he could continue his luxurious life. This dramatic idea was then gradually adopted by Emperors in later Chinese Dynasties.
Rare Birds and Animals Pit: Largest of all the accessory pits, the Rare Birds and Animal Pit was a place for the Qin Shihuang's spirit to hunt in the afterworld. A total of 31 pits are arranged in the area but just two of them have been excavated so far. Strangely enough, coffins were discovered in the pits, inside which skeletons of animals believed to be deer were found. Statues of kneeling warriors found in the pits with the animals are today believed to symbolize the feeders of the rare birds and animals of the Imperial court.
The Exhibition Hall: is where seeing the Bronze Chariots and the museum around the discovery of all the site as well as the UNESCO ranking of the Terracotta Army. There lie relics around the most famous visitors' coming at the museum since its opening.
Since the beginning of scientists' work on the three pits, over 7,000 terracotta soldiers, horses, chariots and even weapons have been unearthed, most of them restored to their former grandeur. Differing from any other in terms of facial features and expressions, clothing, hairstyle, and gestures the Terracotta warriors are a treasure of civilization showing how China was already one of the most advanced civilizations of its age about 2,000 years ago. All kinds of military ranks can be found in the pits: horsemen, longbow bearers, archers, senior officers and generals…positioned in strict accordance with the ancient Art of War. A marvel for the eyes and for the rich cultural knowledge that is offered to scientists and historians of China and of the world. All these terracotta figures transport travelers to another world, to the time of Ancient Warring States when Emperors, kingdoms and wars where all about it. Emperor Qin Shihuang's Army and Horses are a treasure of ancient civilization, a treasure for the Chinese people.