The terracotta figures are life-like and life-sized. They vary in height, uniform and hairstyle in accordance with rank. The colored lacquer finish, individual facial features, and actual weapons and armor from battle were used in manufacturing these figures created a realistic appearance. The original weapons were stolen by robbers shortly after the creation of the army and the coloring has faded greatly. However, their existence serves as a testament to the amount of labor and skill involved in their construction. It also reveals the power the First Emperor possessed, enabling him to command such a monumental undertaking as this.
Members of this "army" are life-like, their head, trunk plus the base averaging 1.8 meters in height. The different parts of a figure - the trunk, legs, arms, feet and hands - were produced separately and then assembled. The feet were installed on the base, then the legs on the feet, then the trunk on the feet, then the arms on the trunk, and the last step was to place the head on the neck.
Experts don't agree by holding that the accidental discovery contains inevitability. The plastic art of terracotta warrior basically covers all Chinese people's facial shapes, which can be classified into eight types similar to the strokes of certain Chinese characters. Observe carefully, and you will find the face shapes of the warriors are no more than these eight types.
'国' shape-face: characterized by rectangle face, high cheekbone, wide forehead and cheek. '用' shape-face: marked by oblong face and flat cheek and chin. '目' shape-face: narrow and long face with small features. '田' shape-face: near square shape. '甲' shape-face: wide top and narrow bottom, like the shape of a melon seed. '由' shape-face: long face with narrow forehead and wide chin. '申' shape-face: wide cheekbone and narrow ends of the face, and oval face.
Faces of the terracotta figures are typically of the Chinese living in north China - somewhat flat with narrow, long eyes and eyebrows, as well as prominent cheekbones. The eyebrows, eyes, noses, hair buns and moustaches were done manually, as were the finishing touches to the armor suits and clothes. Facial appearances and expressions are never the same, making the figures all the more life-like. Making of the mud roughcasts, large as they are, must be time consuming and call for strenuous human labor. The roughcasts were cured in fire in kilns, one or a few at a time, and the kilns should be near the tomb site.
There is a example to prove the view on above, a canny warrior is recognized by his graceful eyebrow and eyes, a brave soldier's eyes are wide and staring, while a simple and honest soldier often has big head, wide face, bushy eyebrows and big eyes.
All of us know that the eyes are very important for statuary. The eyes are regarded as the window to a man’s heart. So the artisans carved different eyes to represent the "inner world" of the different soldiers. Some soldiers have squinty eyes and a tender smile to show their confidence to win the war; some soldiers have eyes wide open in a fury, filled with hate toward their enemies; and some soldiers are looking down, shy and quiet. They looking forward have their eyeballs in the center of the eyelids, and those who looking up have the eyeballs titled up slightly. Also, the artisans using their skill to represent the features of the Qin people.
Are you can’t help praising their lifelike appearance? It’s necessary! Can we not be proud of our ancestors? No, themselves and their works are all my precious deposits.
The terracotta horses are life-like, too, and most of them are about 1.5 meters tall. They were produced the same way as the human figures. The horses, whether they are battle steeds or horses pulling the war chariots, all stand still. The saddles are of mud but the harnesses and bridles are real, with bronze fittings. Here we are right at the excavation site, and greeting our eyes are those pottery warriors and horses grey in color, which look simple but magnificent. When these were buried, however, they were bright with colors painted on them – deep red, bright red, pink, light green, light purple, light blue, yellow, brown, as well as white, black and reddish brown. Of these colors, the most frequently used were deep red, pink, light green, light blue and reddish brown. Laboratory tests show that the colors were done with mineral paints, which were mixed with glue before they were applied. The color coatings have peeled off since it is such a long time since the terracotta figures were made and buried. When unearthed, some figures still had fragments of color and, from time to time, color fragments are found on nearby earth.