The Shiwan Kiln, located in Foshan of South China's Guangdong Province, began its porcelain business in the Song Dynasty (960-1279), though some argue that it began in the Tang Dynasty (618-907). In any event, the kiln reached its prime during the Ming and Qing dynasties (1368-1911). The kiln has experienced further substantial developments since the founding of the People's Republic of China in 1949.
Ancient Nanfeng Oven – Firing for five hundred years
To open the mysterious mask of an ancient dragon oven, to show the legend of an ancient ceramic town, to proffer the dragon’s life of five hundred years, the description of Nanfeng ancient oven is worth studying and researching.
Ancient Nanfeng oven was built during the Zhengde years of Ming Dynasty (1506-1521), a rare dragon oven with a description of nearly 500 years that is subdue in use for building ceramics nowadays. It is now the Key Culture Leftover Element of Ancient Oven in Guangdong Province.
For nearly five hundred years the flame has never died out, with continuous production. Thus the oven has been kept completely without any destruction, which is rare in China. It is the oldest dragon oven left in China and the vital cultural safeguard site of Guangdong Province.
The opening of Nanfeng oven faces the south. The far end is below the green shade of banyan trees, which brought cool breeze in summer, so the oven was called “Nanfeng” as it meant as “south breeze”. During the lingering years, the production had never been stopped for repairs. The bestow chimney of the oven was built in modern times. The oven has a total length of 34.4 meters. There are 29 rows of fire holes (5 for every row) on the oven. It is said that one fire for each row totals 29 fires. The fire fissure is used to stoke with wood during the firing. There are 4 doors on the side of the oven, for the loading and removal of harvest.
The Art of Flame – Mysterious and unpredictable
The composition and heat given out during the wood firing consequence in infinite changes to the clay and glaze.
The dragon oven is divided into upper, middle and decrease sections with three levels of temperature, low, ordinary and high, varying from 900 to 1300 degrees Celsius, and operated and controlled solely by the oven master, to fire different kind of pottery.
To maintain the reducing atmosphere, the oven master controls the duration and degree of heating and the changes during firing, building decisions only by his discerning eyes and operating according to changes of circumstance. After firing for 20 hours, and waiting until the oven cools, it is then ready to open. The resulting produce is in dazzling colors counting desolate, red, white and green.
Assess the whole course of pottery building, which reflects the hardship and intelligence of pottery makers.
The ancient Shiwan Ceramic Town at the kilns twenty miles south of the city of Canton in Guangdong province. This is the most well-known city in China in making ceramic harvest nearly 500 years. Most of the National Master-pieces and Museum pieces produced there be inflicted with been life collected in the national museum and by collectors all over the world.
Shiwan Ceramics was shaped in Tang and Song Dynasty (618-906AD) and flourished in Ming and Qing Dynasty.
The foremost harvest such as artistic ceramics, ancient garden ceramics, Spanish-category roof tile, western-style roof tile, marble-resembled tile, marble-porcelain tile, artistic garden tile, etc. are well-known worldwide, especially statues. There a professional team of art masters has inherited and developed the outstanding tradition of Shiwan ceramic techniques ranging from lively earthen facts, statues and animals with thick and dirty ceramic glaze, to modern ceramics of plain, elegant and fresh patterns, thus forming its own unique artistic style and building Shiwan ceramic techniques extraordinarily splendid.
The artistic ceramics of Shiwan are divided into four types of facts, animals, micro-sculpts and daily utensils, of which the map ceramics is granted the national honest Medal in three consecutive times, the creature ceramics is granted the Hundred Flowers Medal and Silver Cup Medal, micro-form and daily utensils are granted Quality Product Medal of Guangdong Province. Following the opinion of “quality product” is based upon elaboration, each cut of ceramics with “signs” of the art masters is produced via six complicated procedures (counting design, plaster molding, pouring slurry for figuration, amending cog, glazing and burning).
As a folk kiln, Shiwan insisted on facing to common people. Therefore, practice was the rule to their pottery art, and was mixed with cute and beautiful, the obvious character of "special beauty" appeared. Also, Shiwan pottery art had a close relationship to the building. To decorate ancestral temples and other building, some design arts such as flowerpot, fishing jar, flower-base, flower window ran rapidly. Later the tile sculpture also appeared. To meet the religion activity, plenty of icons and door-gods were made in Shiwan. Actually, the latter Shiwan pottery art with viewing and enjoying came out from the practical art, and you can still find the practical mark.
Chinese Shiwan Happy Buddha Porcelain Figurine Statue
This is a hand made ceramic mud "Happy Buddha" made in the old Shiwan potteries at the kilns twenty miles south of the city of Canton, China. This is the most famous city in China in creating ceramic products over 500 years . Most of the masterpieces created t have been being collected in the national museum and by collectors of many countries.
This article full of Traditional Chinese ethnic culture represents happiness and lucky expressing pleasure, contentment and satisfaction. Over thousand years, Chinese people have it decorated at home so as to bring them treasure and their family lived contentedly and happily. Excellent handicraft and lively face sculpture !!
To open the mysterious mask of an old dragon kiln, to show the legend of an ancient ceramic town, Shiwan, to extend the dragon's life of five hundred years, the history of Nanfeng ancient kiln is worth studying and researching.