The intruducion for China
China's hosting of the 2008 Olympics showed off to the world a nation on the rise, where ancient riches are complemented by modern marvels of architecture and engineering. The energy of the place is palpable as the world's largest population emerges from the shadows of recent history and rushes headlong into a future as a (perhaps the) major global player - and a must-see travel destination.
China is an ancient civilization, mysterious country with beautiful land, located East Asia,It is always appealing to adventurous foreign visitors. As the third largest country in the world,china occupying an area of 9,600,000 square kilometers. As a result this country includes a wide variety of interesting place and different kind of climate. China has a very splendid landscape, snow ice tour is famous in north of china, the Silk Road tour is famous in the west of china. Yellow river tour is special in the northeast of china. Different landscape and different weather have added to the fascination of China as every traveler's dream destination. And also China has Fifty-six Nationalities.92% is Han nationality. The other 55nationalities only take part in 8%. All stay in this amazing land. With a population of 1159.4 million, the Han Chinese can be found in almost every part of China. However, they mainly live in the middle and lower reaches of the Yellow River, Yangtze River and the Pearl River, and also in the Northeast Plain Region (Songliao Plain). They form the largest ethnic group within China and also the largest in the world. Chinese ethnic minority
The greatest treasure of China is its long and rich history. Ancient China was one of the earliest centers of human civilization. Form this country; you can see a human civilization develop history never been disturbed. The History of China, as documented in ancient writings, dates back some 3,300 years. Modern archaeological studies provide evidence of still more ancient origins in a culture that flourished between 2500 and 2000 B.C. in what is now central China and the lower Huang He ( or Yellow River) Valley of north China. Centuries of migration, amalgamation, and development brought about a distinctive system of writing, philosophy, art, and political organization that came to be recognizable as Chinese civilization. What makes the civilization unique in world history is its continuity through over 4,000 years to the present century. All this history gives Chinese a rich and colorful history.Chinese History
The Chinese have developed a strong sense of their real and mythological origins and have kept voluminous records since very early times. It is largely as a result of these records that knowledge concerning the ancient past, not only of China but also of its neighbors, has survived.
The land of China is as varied as it is vast. It ranges from subarctic regions in the north to tropical lowlands in the south and from fertile plains in the east to deserts in the west. The same can be said about its population, for the densities of certain areas are varied. Most of China's people live in densely populated areas in the east, while the west, despite making up about half the land area of the country, has less than 10 percent of the population.
China is bordered to the north by Russia and Mongolia; to the east by Korea (Dem Rep), the Yellow Sea and the South China Sea; to the south by Vietnam, Laos, Myanmar, India, Bhutan and Nepal; and to the west by India, Pakistan, Afghanistan, Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan and Kazakhstan. China has a varied terrain ranging from high plateau in the west to flatlands in the east; mountains take up almost one-third of the land. The most notable high mountain ranges are the Himalayas, the Altai Mountains, the Tian Shan Mountains and the Kunlun Mountains. On the border with Nepal is the 8,848m (29,198ft) Mount Qomolangma (Mount Everest). In the west is the Qinghai/Tibet Plateau, with an average elevation of 4,000m (13,200ft), known as ‘the Roof of the World'. At the base of the Tian Shan Mountains is the Turpan Depression or Basin, China's lowest area, 154m (508ft) below sea level at the lowest point. China has many great river systems, notably the Yellow (Huang He) and Yangtze River (Chang Jiang, also Yangtze Kiang). Only 10% of all China is suitable for agriculture. China Geography
Land Area: 3,678,470 mi2; 9,527,200 km2
North-South Distance: 2,500 mi; 4,023 km
East-West Distance: 3,000 mi; 4,828 km
Coastline Distance: 4,019 mi; 6,468 km
Highest Elevation: Mount Everest. 29,028 ft; 8,848 mi
Lowest Elevation: Turpan Depression. -505 ft, -154 m
Terrain: West - mountains, plateaus, deserts
East - plains, deltas, hills
Land Use: Arable land - 10%
Permanent crops - neglible
Meadows and Pastures - 31%
Forest and Woodland - 14%
other - 45%
Population: 1,159,133,000 (estimated 1994)
From Beijing's medley of ancient and futuristic monuments to cosmopolitan Shanghai's skyscrapers and art-deco heritage; and from the heights of the spectacular Tibet (Xizang) Autonomous Region to the karst peaks and rivers of Guizhou, China's experiences are many and varied. Investment spurred on by hosting world events like the Beijing Olympics in 2008, the 2010 Shanghai World Expo and 2010 Asian Games in Guangzhou means urban and tourist infrastructure is constantly evolving. And while flexibility and patience are still required to travel around China, in return, the Middle Kingdom rewards visitors with memories to treasure for a lifetime.
China is proud of its history and culture. The greatest gift to the world is the "four great inventions which is paper, gunpowder, printing and the compass. Chinese arts and crafts, including painting, calligraphy, embroidery and silk are unique.Chinese Arts and Crafts
Chinese cuisine has been exported to every corner of the globe. Every part of china has it's presentation food. Normally, it can be separate to 8 kinds: Shandong Cuisine (lu cai) , Sichuan Cuisine (chuan cai),,Guangdong Cuisine(yue cai) ,Fujian Cuisine (mi cai),Jiangsu Cuisine (su cai), Zhejiang Cuisine (zhe cai) , Hunan Cuisine (xiang cai) , Anhui Cuisine (hui cai)China Food and Drink
Same as western country, Saturday and Sunday is off day in china. Except this, China also has 16 legal festivals. Chinese will get 3 days off on each Spring Festival& National Day (october.1st),and 1day off on New Year's Day, May Day, Mid-Autumn Day, Qing ming Festival& Dragon Boat Festival. Also children under 14 years old have a day off on Children's Day, women have half day off on Women's Day.China's climate varies from bitter cold in winter to unbearable heat in summer.Chinese Festivals
The Yangtze River serves as China's official dividing line between north and south. Given the size and varied landscape of the country, there is no one time in the year when weather is ideal in every part of China. Of course, the warmest areas in winter are to be found in the South and Southwest, such as Sichuan, Banna in Yunnan, and Hainan Island. In summer the coolest spots are in the far northeast. China has a climate dominated by dry seasons and wet monsoons, which leads to clear temperature differences in winter and summer. In winter, northern winds coming from high latitude areas are cold and dry; in summer, southern winds from sea areas at lower latitude are warm and moist. China climates differ from region to region because of the country's extensive and complex topography. In the south of the Nanling Mountains, rains are prolific and the temperature is high all year round. In the Yangtze and Huaihe River valleys in the central part of China, there are four distinctive seasons.China's Climate
Early forms of art in China were made from pottery and jade in the Neolithic period, to which was added bronze in the Shang Dynasty. The Shang are most remembered for their blue casting, noted for its clarity of detail. Early Chinese music and poetry was influenced by the Book of Song, Confucius and the Chinese poet and statesman Qu Yuan.Chinese Opera Brief
In early imperial China, porcelain was introduced and was refined to the point that in English the word china has become synonymous with high-quality porcelain. Around the 1st century AD, Buddhism arrived in China, though it did not become popular until the 4th century. At this point, Chinese Buddhist art began to flourish, a process which continued through the 20th century. It was during the period of Imperial China that calligraphy and painting became highly appreciated arts in court circles, with a great deal of work done on silk until well after the invention of paper.
Buddhist architecture and sculpture thrived in the Sui and Tang dynasty. Of which, the Tang Dynasty was particularly open to foreign influence. Buddhist sculpture returned to a classical form, inspired by Indian art of the Gupta period. Towards the late Tang dynasty, all foreign religions were outlawed to support Taoism.Introduction to Chinese Religion
In the Song Dynasty, poetry was marked by a lyric poetry known as Ci which expressed feelings of desire, often in an adopted persona. Also in the Song dynasty, paintings of more subtle expression of landscapes appeared, with blurred outlines and mountain contours which conveyed distance through an impressionistic treatment of natural phenomena. It was during this period that in painting, emphasis was placed on spiritual rather than emotional elements, as in the previous period. Kunqu, the oldest extant form of Chinese opera developed during the Song Dynasty in Kunshan, near present-day Shanghai. In the Yuan dynasty, painting by the Chinese painter Zhao Mengfu greatly influenced later Chinese landscape painting, and the Yuan dynasty opera became a variant of Chinese opera which continues today as Cantonese opera.
Late imperial China was marked by two specific dynasties: Ming and Qing. Of Ming Dynasty poetry, Gao Qi was acknowledged as the most popular poet of the era. Artwork in the Ming dynasty perfected color painting and color printing, with a wider color range and busier compositions than Song paintings. In the Qing dynasty, Beijing opera was introduced; it is considered the one of the best-known forms of Chinese opera. Qing poetry was marked by a poet named Yuan Mei whose poetry has been described as having "unusually clear and elegant language" and who stressed the importance of personal feeling and technical perfection. Under efforts of masters from the Shanghai School during the late Qing Dynasty, traditional Chinese art reached another climax and continued to the present in forms of the "Chinese painting" . The Shanghai School challenged and broke the literati tradition of Chinese art, while also paying technical homage to the ancient masters and improving on existing traditional techniques.
The long history and wide landscape made Chinese sing and dance are prosperous, Tang dynasty sing and dance, Xinjiang sing and dance, Menggu sing and dance, Peking Opera, Shaanxi operand so on.
China boasts of fantasitic natural scenes, numerous historic relics, and colorful cultures. Rich in high-tasted tourist resources such as grand mountains, beautiful rivers, lakes, springs, and waterfalls, magnificent ancient architectural arts, strange animals and plants, and a plethora of relics and wonders, visitors constantly stream into the world's third largest country. The country's inviting charm and air of Oriental mystery endowed by its splendid culture and unique depth attract people from all over the world. China Tourist Attractions
China welcomes more than 30 million tourists annually. Tourism is so popular in China that 4,252 international and domestic travel services have developed, providing visitors with tourist routes and feature tours. Also in China are 31 tourist hotel management companies, 4,418 tourist hotels, and many holiday resorts that serve tourists satisfying dining and lodging.Life in China Today
China National Emblem
The Castle of Tian'anmen Square represents the great Revolutionary Traditions and magnificent National Spirits of Chinese people, meanwhile, it is the symbol of Beijing-the capital of People's Republic of China. China National Emblem
China National Flag
On October 1st, 1949, the present Chinese flag was first hoisted in the Tiananmen Square on the occasion of the foundation of the People's Republic of China China National Flag China National Flag
| China National Anthem Introduction about China National Anthem and its wirter, download the MM3 and Lyrics of China National Anthem China National Anthem|
| China Capital |
Beijing is the capital of the People's Republic of China. A center for politics, economy and culture, Beijing has been developed into a world-class metropolis in which the modern world is blends harmoniously with the glories of the imperial past
| Chinese People China, with over 1.31828 billion people (excluding Hong Kong, Macau and Taiwan) as of May, 2007, is without doubt the most populous country in the world. According to the census at the end of 2004, the ratio of the sexes is about 51.5% male and 48.5% female. Some 41.76% of the population resides in the urban cities and towns while the rest is in rural areas|
||Tips on how to prepare for a China trip |
China World Cultural & Natural Heritage List
| China participated into this international organization in 1985. In 1999, China became the member of World Heritage Committee. China began to apply for items of world heritage in 1986. From 1987 to 2009, there were 38 sites wirtten into the List of World Heritage in China. 27 are cultural heritage sites, 7 are natural sites and 4 cultural and natural sites. Besides, there are also four intangible cultural heritages in the world. China is ranked to be the third place in world-heritage-site possession. The sites listed into the List of World Heritage will be the international places of interest, and they also will be assisted by the World Heritage Fund. It also could be the tourism destination for world tour.|
China Major CitiesAttractions
| China is incredible in many ways. The list of sights and things to do here is endless, not to mention the rich culture and wonders of this country. A few notable must-sees include the barren highlands of Tibet via the Silk Road to the bewildering Forbidden City at Beijing, the magnificent Great Wall of China. There are also the amazing thousands of Terracotta Warriors and Horses at the tomb of Qin Shi'huang in Xi'an, the intriguing citylife of (Shanghai), the breath-taking scenic beauty of Yunnan and the original Asia's world city - Hong Kong. Guilin and Yangshuo have the reputation of having the most beautiful landscape under heaven, with green hills, clear waters, pretty rocks and fantastic caves. China - experience this truly spectacular place!|
|| As the third largest country China satisfies nearly all need of a tourist: a modern metropolis with pioneering fashion, an ancient town with historic relics, a ski resort, a sunshine beach, a river cruise, an alpine trekking and so on. From the summit of a high peak like Mt Everest to an isle in South China Sea, from Great Namjaqbarva Canyon to lush Mongolian Pasture, from Taklmakan Desert to Huabei Plain, travelers with Dreams Travel have left, are leaving and will leave their footprints everywhere in China, or Zhongguo called in Chinese, which means Central Country, covering an area of 9,600,000 square kilometers. |