China Top Six Museums
China has an ancient civilization with a very long history. Understanding it solely through the study of documents is clearly inadequate. A wealth of objects and remains has been preserved on China’s vast territory and underground; much of which has been collected and is exhibited in various kinds of museums. This raw material of history can, in a certain sense, be considered more valuable for our understanding of the past than documents and historical records.
One can see many of China’s cultural treasures in Western museums. Some of these are exquisite works of art, but at the same time they are fragments that have been removed from the original matrix of their being. To enjoy a complete and systematic experience of Chinese cultural history, one must visit the museums of their native land. Although there are Dunhuang sutras in the British Museum, stolen by Aurel Stein, Dunhuang itself and the center of Dunhuang Studies remain in China. Although quite a few treasures from the Summer Palace were looted by British and French troops and are now exhibited in France at Fontainebleu, the majority of choice pieces remains in the Palace Museum in Beijing.
In the past, China’s antiquities and most artworks were kept in the recesses of the reshidences of aristocratic families and the imperial clan. The public at large was not able to see them. China’s modern museums started from the Westernization Movement of the early twentieth century and the overthrow of the feudal imperial court during the Xinhai Revolution (1911). Only a????er this was the public allowed to enter the halls and pavilions and enjoy the fruits of the civilization of their own ancestors. In the past twenty to thirty years, due to China’s opening and reform policy as well as to the development of a market economy, travel, tourism, and cultural exchange have greatly increased. China’s socialist museums have developed along with these changes: they have been rebuilding and expanding old museums, adding new buildings, increasing collections, modernizing exhibition facilities and strengthening archaeological research. There are now some 2,000 museums in China of all varieties. Visitors from both China and abroad have increased, with very positive results in the realm of education as well as in simple enjoyment.
As the development of modern social life and economy, museum has become one hot destination in tourism. Museum actually has become the socialized center of human’s culture-related behaviors, targeted education and international communications. In China, as the popularity of compulsory education and the large enrollment of higher education, more and more educated people get used to going to museums for leisure and further study. For meeting the diversity of needs of tourists, many advanced equipments and settings have been perfectly installed in Chinese museums as well. The exhibition hall establishment, infrastructure optimization, collection displays and the tastes as well as levels of museums are all done very good. Besides, there are also a lot of themed activities and academic sharing meetings held by many related organizations or individuals opened free of charge to visitors. Visitors here can get the all-sided information about China and highly surprised by Chinese gigantic achievements in all sides both in ancient and modern times. Most of museums in China also present the visitors many styles of free souvenirs to help the visitors with understanding and remembering. Nowadays, Beijing Palace Museum, National Museum of China, Beijing Capital Museum, Shaanxi History Museum, Nanjing Musuem and Shanghai Museum are widely accepted as Chinese Top Museums, and they are surely most welcomed nationwide in China.
Today, large-scale China museum system can totally serve the different needs of travelers who are interested in China. All common or picky needs about museums can be available in Chinese museum service. Chinese culture in museum can largely show the visitors what is China and how is China in the past and future! A Chinese old saying goes: Everything from books or indirect sharing is superficial except self-practicing and self-learning straightforwardly. To learn about China, Chinese museum is always your best choice when you worry how to start.
Palace Museum( Forbidden City)
Palace Museum( Forbidden City) Established in 1925, the Palace Museum was installed in the imperial palace of two consecutive dynasties - the Ming (1368-1644) and the Qing (1644-1911). The magnificent architecture, also known as the Forbidden City, and the vast holding of the imperial collections of paintings, calligraphy, ceramics, and decorative objects make it one of the most prestigious museums in China and the world at large. In 1961 the imperial palace was designated by the State Council as one of China's foremost-protected cultural heritage sites, and in 1987 was made a UNESCO World Heritage site. The Forbidden City, the best representative of Chinese civilization, is considered a holy place by Chinese people. The palace covers an area of over 2,350,000 square feet. It has 9,999 rooms built in traditional architectural style. Ten-foot-high walls surround the palace, reinforced by deep moat and tall observation towers...
The National Museum of China
The National Museum of China :The National Museum of China is located on the east side of Tian'an Men Square in Beijing. It is the largest comprehensive history museum in China. Through display of both material and non-material collections and exhibits, it narrates the history created by the ancestors of the Chinese people.The National Museum of China, a four-storied main building with two symmetrical wings, runs more than 300 meters north and south along the eastern side of Tian'anmen Square. The predecessors of the National Museum are two museums: the Museum of Chinese History and the Museum of Chinese Revolution, which shared the same building complex.
Beijing Capital Museum
Beijing Capital Museum:The new Capital Museum, opened to the public in 2005 after four years’ construction, was located on Fuxingmenwai Dajie, the western extension of Beijing's Chang'an Street. The museum is a five-storey building allowing for a maximum of 13 concurrent exhibitions, which can be viewed in about 5 hours at the price of 20 yuan (US$2.50) per visitorWith its magnificent architecture, abundant exhibitions, advanced technology and complete functions, the Capital Museum, large and modern, ranks among the first class museums both at home and abroad.
Shanghai Museumis one of China's four greatest museums, and the other three are Beijing Museum, Nanjing Museum and Xian Museum. The new Shanghai Museum was finally established in 1995. It is located in the south of People's Square in the center of Shanghai's downtown. Shanghai Museum is world-renowned for its fine and rare collection of a large number of artistic heritage at home and abroad. Among them, bronze-wares, chinawares and traditional paintings of different dynasties are more attractive and sparkling.
Shaanxi History Museum
Shaanxi History Museum :The Shaanxi History Museum, a massive modern museum up to the national standard, is located one kilometer away, northwest of the Big Wild Goose Pagoda. It is a magnificent architectural com- plex in the Tang-dynasty style. It covers an area of 70,000 square metres, construction area being over 50,000 square metres. It collects the highlights of the Shaanxi culture and shows a development of the Chinese civilization. .The Museum possesses a treasure of 113,000 historic and cultural artifacts unearthed in Shaanxi, and covers an area of 1,100 square metres for exhibition.The Museum has established a science and technology centre for the preservation of cultural relicts. It has an advanced technology of examination and laboratory test and the means of repair and restoration. To promote international cultural exchanges, it has also set up a computer-controlled, international symposium hall where six different languages can be employed in the spontaneous interpre- tation.
Nanjing Museum The Nanjing Museum is one of the largest museums in China and contains a a truly superb collection of cultural and artistic treasures. The museum has a modern setting that includes descriptions in English. While Nanjing served as the capital of China, the museum was the National Museum and many of the country's treasures were collected here. In fact, the impressive collection is so large to that the curators only show a portion of it at any given time in ever changing displays. The museum has sections for each of the main genres of traditional Chinese art - paintings and calligraphy, porcelain, jade, ceramics, furniture and decorative arts, and ancient bronzes. The museum also has a "treasures" section that only displays the best items in the collection. The museum's collection of paintings and calligraphy includes some of the classic works from Chinese landscape painting's first golden age during the Song Dynasty from well over a thousand years ago as well as works by many of the masters from later dynasties. The museum's porcelain collection includes some especially beautiful masterpieces from the Ming dynasty. A life-size reproduction kiln and pottery workshop shows how artisans used to make these ceramics. Another wing of the museum contains displays dedicated to folk crafts, clothing, and popular traditions of Jiangsu province. The displays use historic objects and bilingual explanations to introduce the many facets of the region's traditional life. The many kites, toys, clothes, games, and religious objects bring old Jiangsu to life.