China Famous Ancient Buildings
Architecture is an important symbol of human civilization. In this field, the Chinese people have extraordinary wisdom and creativity. From resplendent imperial palaces to diverse civilian residences,from picturesque pavilions and kiosks to unique pagodas and bridges, the Chinese people have for centuries created one arhitectural wonder after another.
As one of world’s four ancient countries with splendid ancient civilization, China surely is rich in a lot of great tangible projects and relics. Among them, some are too great to be avoided when we are talking of the world wonders because they are hardly realized or completed by humankind in spite of human’ advanced technology and science at present. These gems or representatives of Chinese ancient people’s contribution or achievements in the process of coexisting with nature and improving their life standards largely show the wisdom of Chinese people in ancient times. For different orientations in the past, toady these miraculous projects surprise the first-time travelers and become the symbols of Chinese tourist destinations.
Forbidden City The biggest and most complete ancient building complex is the former Imperial Palace (also known as the Forbidden City) in Beijing. It was imperial palace of both the Ming and Qing dynasties. It was first completed in 1420 and covers an area of 720,000 square meters. The Forbidden City, now called the Palace Museum, is located in the center of Beijing. Starting in 1420, the Forbidden City was the home to 24 Chinese emperors during the Ming and Qing dynasties (1368-1911). Now, it has developed into the Palace Museum, which displays art treasures of the past dynasties and is the richest treasury of cultures and arts in China. Lofty and magnificent, the Forbidden City is acclaimed as one of the world five great palaces, ranking with Palace of Versailles in France, Buckingham Palace in Britain, White House in the United States and Kremlin in Russia, and was listed by UNESCO as a World Cultural Heritage Site in 1987.
Great Wall Of China
Great Wall Of China :Chinese people are always proud of their Great wall. To some extent, it represents the spirit of Chinese people and history. In many exhibitions or conferences in China, participators can easily find its existence in pictures or painting hung on walls. It has been widely expressed in politics, culture-exchange, and artistic creation. It is the symbol of China.The Great Wall of China extends 4,000 miles westward: from the China Sea town of Shanhaiguan to Gansu province. It includes the Badaling, Huanghuacheng, Mutianyu, Jiankou, Gubeikou, Jinshanling and Simatai sections.
Terra Cotta Warriors
Terra Cotta Warriors: The Terracotta Warriors and Horses of Qinshihuang Mausoleum , which is regarded as the eighth wonder of the world, is five kilometers east of Lintong County , 35 kilometers from Xi'an City in Shaanxi Province .,they excavated the 7,000 earth-made soldier and horse figures, which are taller and larger than the real life ones at that time (about 2,200 years before present). The most interesting thing is the face expressions and the "hair styles" of these soldier figures are different from one another. It took about 38 years with many craftsmen to complete the whole project.
Potala Palace It can be said that the Potala Palace is the symbol of Lhasa, the regional capital of Tibet. Situated on Red Hill in northwest of the city, the Potala Palace was originally built as the house for the marriage of Emperor Songtsen Gampo and Princess Wenchang in the Tang Dynasty. .Perched upon Marpo Ri hill, 130 meters above the Lhasa valley, the Potala Palace rises a further 170 meters and is the greatest monumental structure in all of Tibet.The Potala Palace is an immense structure, its interior space being in excess of 130,000 square meters. Fulfilling numerous functions, the Potala was first and foremost the residence of the Dalai Lama and his large staff. In addition, it was the seat of Tibetan government,Within the White Palace are two small chapels, the Phakpa Lhakhang and the Chogyal Drubphuk; dating from the seventh century, these chapels are the oldest surviving structures on the hill and also the most sacred. The Potala's most venerated statue, the Arya Lokeshvara, is housed inside the Phapka Lhakhang, and it draws thousands of Tibetan pilgrims each day.
Mogao Grottoes:again known as “Thousand Buddha Caves”, are located at the cliffs of the Soughing Sand Hill some 25 kilometers to the southeast of the city of Dunhuang. The name of the grottoes is a derivation of the township named Mogao. Being the largest, the most well-known grottoes of Buddhism art in China they are caved out on the third and fourth floors,extending a length of 1.6 kilometers along the cliff. Mogao means "high up in the desert". Mogao Grottoes (also known as Thousand Buddha Caves) is one of three noted grottoes in China. It consists of some 500 man-made caves that have survived some 1,600 years of volatile climate changes and other damage. The frescos, painted on the ceiling and walls of the caves, carry the best-preserved trove of Buddhist art in the world. They, along with Buddha figurines, were made to help promote and spread Buddhism, though the themes varied with the passage of times.
Dujiangyan Project:Dujiangyan is the oldest and only surviving no-dam irrigation system in the world; and a wonder in the development of Chinese science. The project consists of three important parts, namely Yuzui, Feishayan and Baopingkou scientifically designed to automatically control the water flow of the rivers from the mountains to the plains throughout the year.Now, the project is honored as the 'Treasure of Sichuan', which still plays a crucial role in draining off floodwater, irrigating farms and providing water resources for more than 50 cities in the province.
Leshan Giant Buddha
Leshan Giant Buddha :is the tallest stone Buddha statue in the world, and is the hottest tourist destination in southwest China thanks to its grandness and mystery. It was carved out of a cliff face by an 8th-century monk in southern Szechuan province, near the city of Leshan. The Leshan Giant Buddha is a statue of Maitreya (a Bodhisattva usually represented as a very stout monk with a broad smile on his face and with his naked breast and paunch exposed to view) in sitting posture. The Buddha is located to the east of Leshan City, Sichuan Province, at the confluence of three rivers, namely, Min River, Qingyi River, and Dadu River. The statue makes itself the most renowned scenic spot in Leshan City.
Beijing-Hangzhou Grand Canal
Beijing-Hangzhou Grand Canal:The Beijing-Hangzhou Grand Canal is one of the greatest projects endeavored in ancient China as well as the longest man-made waterway in world. With a total length of 1,794 kilometers, the canal interconnects the Yangtze, Yellow, Huaihe, Haihe, and Qiantang rivers. It flows through Beijing, Tianjing, Hebei, Shandong, Jiangsu and Zhejiang with Hangzhou at its southernmost end.In April 1981, China opened ancient canal tour routes from Wuxi to Yangzhou and Wuxi to Hangzhou, drawing much attention from tourists home and abroad. Tourists can appreciate the beautiful scenery, human cultures, and folk customs in famous cities south of the Yangtze River along the routes.
Temple of Heaven (or Altar of Heaven)
Temple of Heaven (or Altar of Heaven), situated in southeastern urban Beijing (about 6 km away from the center), was built in 1420 during the Ming Dynasty to offer sacrifice to Heaven, and was thereafter visited by all subsequent emperors of the Ming and Qing dynasties. Each winter solstice the emperor and all his retinue would move through the city to encamp within the complex, wearing special robes and abstaining from eating meat; there the emperor would personally pray to Heaven for good harvests. The ceremony had to be perfectly completed, or even the smallest of mistakes would constitute a bad omen for the whole nation in the coming year. The temple was last used for this purpose by the president of the Republic,Temple of Heaven is much bigger than the Forbidden City, but smaller than the Summer Palace, with an area of about 2,700,000 square meters. As Chinese emperors called themselves "the Son of Heaven", they dared not to build their own dwelling, "Forbidden City", bigger than a dwelling for Heaven. The temple is enclosed with a long wall. The northern part within the wall is semicircular symbolizing the heaven and the southern part is square symbolizing the earth, in accordance with an ancient Chinese thought of "the heaven is round and the earth is square". The northern part (heaven) is higher than the southern part (earth).
Big Wild Goose Pagoda
Big Wild Goose Pagoda:As the symbol of the old-line Xian, Big Wild Goose Pagoda is a well-preserved ancient building and a holy place for Buddhists. It is located in the southern suburb of Xian City, about 4 kilometers (2.49 miles) from the downtown of the city. Standing in the Da Ci'en Temple complex, it attracts numerous visitors for its fame in the Buddhist religion, its simple but appealing style of construction, and its new square in front of the temple. It is rated as a National Key Cultural Relic Preserve as well as an AAAA Tourist Attraction.