Home>>>Chinese culture>>>>China Landform

China's Famous Mountains

With towering mountains, pristine lakes and rivers, mighty falls and gorges, China offers stunning landscapes and world-class attractions, ranging from the dry desert plateau of the West to the superb beaches of the East. Natural wonders are everywhere. You can admire the bizarre limestone landscapes in Guilin, ascend the Mountain Huangshan, cruise down the Yangtze River to admire the Three Gorges, challenge the Snow Mountains in Yunnan, or marvel at the Singing Sand Mountain and the Crescent Spring in the wild desert.

China is a big country full of natural splendor. Of the countless unforgettable experiences and expeditions in China, the most popular would be seeing or even staying in one of the many famous mountains in China.Chian is home to many famous mountains, such a the "Fvie great Mountains",the four sacred peaks of Buddhism, Huangshan and Lushan. Mountain areas cover two-thirds of the country.Mountainous areas make up 69 percent of China's land territory and their inhabitants account for 56 percent of the population. They are home to 90 percent of China's forests, 77 percent of its pastures, 76 percent of its lakes and 98 percent of its hydropower resources.

Religion  Height     Province      City Nearby
Emei Shan  Buddhist  10,095ft Sichuan Chengdu
Bei Heng Shan Daoist 6,617 ft Shanxi Datong
Nan Heng Shan Daoist 4,232 ft Hunan Changsha
Hua Shan Daoist 6,552 ft Shanxi Xi'an
Jiuhua Shan Buddhist 4,340 ft Anhui Hangzhou
Putuo Shan Buddhist 932 ft Zhejiang Ningbo
Song Shan Daoist 4,900 ft Henan Luoyang
Tai Shan Daoist 5,069 ft Shandong Tai'an

Wutai Shan

Buddhist 10,003 ft

Shanxi

Datong


The Five Great Mountians
    "The five Great Mountains", located in the central China, were named according to the cardinal points on the compass, including Mount Tai to the east in Shandong Province, Mount Hua to the west in Shaanxi Province, Mount Heng to the south in Hunan Province, Mount Heng (same sound but different character in Chinese) to the north in Shanxi Province, and Mount Song in the center in Henan Province. 
 

   Mount Tai is in central Shandong Province to the south of the Yellow River, the second longest river in China. Its highest peak, Yuhuangding, is 1545 meters above sea level, but absolute altitude and relative altitude are the highest within a circumference of several thousand kilometers. Since the Qin Dynasty (221-209 B.C.) many Chinese emperors held various sacrifices and religious rites on Mount Tai, Making the mountain a holy site. The Dai Temple at the foot of the mountain and steles on the mountain itself reflect the ancient culture of the area.

The Best Tourist Season :the best tourist season is from April to November, the best season for viewing sunrise is autumn. It is cool in summer. It is less wind and rain in autumn, which is the best time for viewing sunrise.

Mount Heng in Hunan is located on the west bank of the Xiangjiang River. It has 72 peaks, with the summit, Zhurong, 1290 meters above sea level. Mount Heng, with its dense forests, is renowned as one of the most beautiful mountains in China.

  The Best Tourist Season : the best tourist season is at the end of summer and the beginning of autumn. At this time, the cool weather, the dense vegetation and the beautiful scenery will be your best choice in this season. Of course, from December to early February of next year, you can enjoy the famous snow Mountain.

Another mountain also named Heng is situated in northeastern Shanxi Province. The summit, Xuanwu peak is 2017 meters above sea level. Beiyue temple was built atop the mountain about 1000 years ago. The Hanging Temple was built halfway up the mountain over a precipice. Finally, the Ying County Wood pagoda, the oldest and largest of its kind in China, sits nearby.The Best Tourist Season :Datong is very cold in winter, but it is cool in summer, so it is a good place for summer. Spring and summer is the best time to travel.

   Mount Song is located on the south bank of the Yellow River. Its summit is 1500 meters above the sea level. The nearby Shaolin Temple is the birthplace of Zen Buddhism, and even today the temple's collection of stupas is the largest in China. The Zhongyue Temple is also located here, one of the earliest Taoist temples in the country. The Songyang Academy nearby was one of the four great academies of ancient China.

The Best Tourist Season :Autumn. It is the best time to climb Mount Songshan when waterfalls, streams and forests are in their best season. Summer is rainy, while spring and autumn are too dry. From late August to October, some interesting activities will be held at Zhengzhou, such as the International Shaolin Kung Fu Festival, and some big trade fairs.

  Mt.Huashan  Situated in Huayin City, 120 kilometers (about 75 miles) east from Xi'an City of Shaanxi Province, Mt. Huashan is known as 'The Number One Precipitous Mountain under Heaven'. It is one of the five sacred mountains in China. Mt. Huashan was called Mt. Taihuashan. From a distance the five peaks seem to form the shape of a 'flower' (hua in Chinese), hence the name 'Huashan'. It is famous for its natural vistas of steep and narrow paths, precipitous crags, and a high mountain range. It is home to several influential Taoist temples where emperors of past dynasties made pilgrimages, making Mt. Huashan the holy land of Taoism.

The Best Tourist Season :Mt.Huashan has four distinct seasons. Summers are usually hot and humid with heavy rains, and winters tend to be cold and dry. Spring and fall are the most popular times to travel to Hua Shan, though the temperature is generally pleasant all year round.

Wudang Mountains (Wudang Shan) Wudang Mountains is located in central China's Hubei Province. The Chinese Charaters for Wudang Shan are  ,Shan for mountain. For hundreds of years, Mt. Wudang has been regarded as a fairy mountain, a sacred land for Chinese Taoism (Daoism).After the film Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon, people from home and abraod have been more and more appealed by the charm of this mystical mountain.

The Best Tourist Season :    climate of Wudang Mountain is a subtropical monsoon climate, the temperature decrease with altitude. The best travel time is spring and autumn

The Four Sacred Mountainis of Buddhism
    Buddhism claims the most followers of any religion in China, and over time there came to be four mountains worshipped by the faithful: Wutai in Shanxi, Emei in Sichuan, Jiuhua in Anhui, and Putuo in Zhejiang. 
 
    Wutai has four peaks thoughtfully laid out by Mother Nature according to the natural points of the compass, with a fifth in the middle. They have been worn smooth and wide by time, hence the mountain's name, "Five Terraces" or Wutai in Chinese. Wutai sits 3000 meters above sea level. According to sataistics, Wutai has more than 70 temples containing over 20000 Buddhist statues.
The Best Tourist Season :Summer is the best time to visit -- when Wutai Shan offers an escape from the heat and humidity of lower climes. In July and August, the average temperature is only about 50°F (10A°C), with warm days and cool nights. Even at this most temperate time of year, the mountain itself is rarely overcrowded during the week. Weekends are another story, and national holidays should be avoided at all costs. Winters are severely cold, with temperatures dipping as low as -40A°F (-40A°C). Even in June, snow is not unheard of.

 Mt.Emei is located in western Sichuan Province. It features many attractive places, especially the summit, or "golden peak". Atop the peak are many unusual scenes of nature such as "Buddha's halo", and the local monkeys that call Emei their home are well accustomed to the foibles of visitors.        Spring and autumn are the best tourist seasons. The climate is moderate and the scenery is beautiful.
The Best Tourist Season :Peak season are summer months: June-September. It’s best to climb between May and October. The mountain is open in the winter months, but appropriate gear is essential. Expect cool temperatures all year long and dress/pack appropriately for the elevation. Heavy rainfall can occur at any time of year so be sure to have rain-gear and proper shoes.

 Mt.Jiuhua is located in southern Anhui Province, and it too is home to many ancient Buddhist temples. There are seven Buddhist pagodas and over 60 temples still standing, including the Dharmakaya statue of the eminent monk Yingshen of the Ming Dynasty(1368-1644)

The Best Tourist Season :The season in Jiuhua Mountain is different, the summer is later, and the autumn is earlier, the summer is shorter, the winter is longer.
You can travel to Jiuhua Mountain all the time in a year. But the best time is summer and autumn. The Spring of Jiuhua Mountain is very beautiful. The cloud is 90 to 400 meters high, even got to 1000 meters high. o­n the summit of the Jiuhua Mountain, you can see the cloud sea. The Jiuhau Mountain has the fog year to year, especially in spring and summer. Sometimes the dense fog, drizzles, and low clouds interred together. In the autumn and winter, tourist can hear the song which is sang by the pine.



 Mt.Putuo is located in the East China Sea in northeast Zhejiang. There are three temples here, Puji, Fayu and Huiji, occupying a special position in Chinese Buddhist architecture.
The Best Tourist Season :. Although bursts of local tourists at weekends and in summer threaten the serenity, and despite the intent of the Chinese travel industry to lure visitors by greatly developing the infrastructure, you should still be able to avoid the hordes if you schedule your visit on a weekday or in the off season; the best times to come are April, May, September and October, when the weather is warm and the island isn't especially busy.

   Huangshan in southern Anhui is well known for its karst formations, clouds, pine trees and hot springs. Huangshan is shrouded in boiling seas of clouds about 200 days a year, one of the main attractions in the area. Pine trees grow upon preecipices, assuming strange shapes as they cling to the rocks. The "Yingke Pine Tree", to name just one , is a local landmark welcoming visitors. The local hot springs maintain a constant temperature year round. Huangshan is very popular with traditional Chinese landscape painters.  
 
The Best Tourist Season : spring and autumn as the best tourist season. The colorful flowers quietly bloom in spring, and the autumn is the harvest season.

   Lushan is located in northern Jiangxi. Like Huangshan, it si home to seas of clouds and nists, which become especially active during the summer solstice. In winter the clouds drop down to earth, and Lushan tries in vain to peak through the formations, succeeding momentaril only to be swallowed up again. Lushan is also well known for its summer resort facilities.

 The Best Tourist Season :it is the best summer resort in summer

Wuyi mountains. The key scenic area covers 70 km2, With 36 peaks, 72 caves, 99 picturesque rocks and 108 seats and. The exquisite and mountains and water are the true happiness. The whole area is divided into many scenic places such as Wuyi Palace, New River Bend, Peach Blossom Cave, a threat to Sky, Roaring Tiger Peak, Tianxin Rock, Water Curtain Cave, Lianhua Peak, YulinTing Kiln Site
The Best Tourist Season :the best time to travel in Wuyishan Mountain is from June to September. At this time, sufficient water help you drift happily. The main weather is sunny.

 Jade Dragon Snow Mountain Jade Dragon Snow Mountain (Yulong Mountain) is the southernmost glacier in the Northern Hemisphere.Yulong Snow Mountain stands beside the Jinshajiang River, northwest of the Lijiang Naxi Autonomous County, Yunnan Province. Shanzidou, the main peak of the mountain, clad in white snow all year round, rises 5,596 meters above sea level. The 13 peaks, distributed from the south to the north, with the south-north length of 35 km and the east-west width of 12 km, are like a silver white jade dragon lying in the clouds, hence the name Yulong (jade dragon) Snow Mountain.
 The Best Tourist Season :In spring  Still heavily forested, the mountain bursts into bloom every spring with camellias, rhododendrons, and azaleas. Herders take their cattle, goats, sheep, and yaks to graze on its slopes. In autumn In autumn, some of the pine trees turn amber yellow, while the deciduous trees transmute their green leaves into patches of bright yellow, orange, and scarlet.
Best skiing time: from November to next March when the snow scenery is most beautiful and the snow is deepest.

Mt. Everest Lies at the border between China and Nepal, Mt. Everest, also known as Mt. Qomolangma, meaning Mother Goddess of the Universe in Tibetan, is the highest peak in the world.which attracts many Buddhists , Hindus, and other religious groups each year to take part in religious activity. The activities usually include walking around the mountain-not an easy task! This Tibet attraction is interesting to see, but the journey to reach this area is quite difficult and often requires a separate trip.
The Best Tourist Season : The simple but unpredictable answer is when it is not snowing. The best season to explore Mount Everest is during the months of October and November which are the start of the dry season. The next best season to visit Everest is during the months of February through April; this is the end of the dry season.


Related Links: