China Top Eight Ancient Capitals
China has a long ancient history, and also generally has the different national capitals in different dynasties.The Chinese phrase Four Great Ancient Capitals of China traditionally refers to Beijing, Nanjing, Luoyang, and Xi’an. After the 1920s as more discoveries were made, other historical capitals were added to the list. The phrase Seven Ancient Capitals of China introduced later on, also include Kaifeng (added in the 1920s as the fifth ancient capital), Hangzhou (became the sixth ancient capital in the 1930s), and Anyang (after archaeologists' proposal in 1988, it became the seventh ancient capital); in 2004 the China Ancient Capital Society officially added Zhengzhou as an eighth thanks to archaeological finds there.
Beijing is a world-famous ancient cultural city, the capital of China, as well as China's political, economic and cultural center as well as a center for international communications. Roughly 500,000 years ago the land was the home of Peking Man. Beijing was established as a city in 1045 BC. For nearly 800 years, Beijing was a capital city - the provisional capital of the Liao Dynasty and the capital of the Jin, Yuan, Ming and Qing Dynasties.which are represented by the Great Wall of China, China's legendary line of defense; the Forbidden City, famous as one of the largest and best-preserved ancient imperial palace museums; the Summer Palace, a lovely imperial garden.
Beijing is brightened by its glorious past, but is by no means struck in the past. Standing side-by-side with old Beijing's crimson palace complexes are the city's modern buildings, the super-modern Olympic Village, with the Bird’s Nest Stadium and Water Cube; the dazzling shopping malls inWangfujing Street and the colorful entertainment center of Houhai.
Despite all the changes in recent years, traditional lifestyle has been well-preserved in the oldest neighborhoods of the city - the Hutongs, which are mazes of narrow alleyways and old single storey traditional courtyard houses. A tour by rickshaw through the Hutongs will give travelers a glimpse of "Old Beijing".
In a word, Beijing is a must-see place for any visitors to China. As the political, cultural, scientific and educational heart as well as a key transportation hub of today's China and China in the past, it offers a general idea of China's past, China today, and the direction in which China is heading in the 21st century.
Xian :It was called Changan in ancient times. As the cradle of Chinese civilization, it has been existed for more one million years; ape-man in Lantian is a representative. The city has passed though Zhou, Han, Tang and other 12 dynasties as the capital. It enjoys the fame of “four worlds civilized ancient cities” with ancient Athens, Cairo and roman. No visit to China will be complete without a few days' stay in Xi'an.Xi'an is, for certain, one of the most popular tourist destinations among foreign travelers, which is included in the itineraries of almost all tour packages. At China Highlights, we feel that a tour to Xi'anis something that any tourist to China would not want to miss, as it serves as a window on China's ancient civilization
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Louyang It was the capital city of 13 dynasties. With the longest history, it was listed as the world largest cities six times in history. From Shang and Zhou dynasties to the Sui and Tang dynasties time, Luoyang once was the beginning of Silk Road in eastern countries. It has contacted with European, North Africa and the Asian countries.Luoyang is a famous historical and cultural city and key tourist destination.Luoyang abounds in human culture sites. The Longmen Grottoes is one of China's big-three grottoes; the Baima Temple is China's first Buddhist temple set up by government; and the Luoyang Museum of Ancient Tombs is the largest group of ancient tombs in the world. In addition, there are a number of historical relics such as the Ercheng Tomb, the Baiyuan Garden and the Guanlin Forest. Natural scenery of Luoyang is equally attractive: the eight spots of Luoyang including the Tianjin Morning's Moon, the scenery of Longmen Mountain and the bell ring of the Masi Temple, differentiating in styles and geting visitors on the scoop.
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Nanjing:As a famous historical and cultural city, Nanjing has about 2470 years of history. About 300,000 years ago, there were ancient people live.6000 years ago, there have been primary villages. Its long history, splendid culture, gorgeous view has made it well known in hundreds of years. Though many consider Nanjing to lie ''off the beaten track'', the city offers a wealth of cultural, historical and leisure locations. It is a very popular weekend break destination among residents of nearby Shanghai and Suzhou. Nanjing is very rich in natural and artificial landscapes and one of the first 24 well-known historic and cultural cities announced by the state. Dr.Sun Yat-Sen's Mausoleum, the Ming Tomb, the King Palace of Taiping Heavenly Kingdom, the ancient city wall of Nanjing, the stone carvings of Southern Tang Dynasty, Pagoda for Buddist Relics, the Tombs of Southern Tang Emperors, the Rain Flower Terrace, the Mural Painting in Tangzi Street and other places are the main scenic spots and historic sites. The Eastern Suburbs Scenic Area, the Qixia Mountain, the Xuanwu Lake, the Mochou Lake, the Qinhuai River Scenic Belt and other scenic areas are well-known far and near. Among them, Dr. Sun Yat-Sen's Mausoleum and the Qinhuai River Scenic Belt are among 40 best tourist scenic spots in China. There were over 220,000 tourists from abroad in 1995.
Hangzhou, the capital city of Zhejiang province, is located in the Yangtze River delta approximately 180 km southwest of Shanghai. Throughout its long history, Hangzhou has been famed both for its beauty and its prosperity, and has occupied a unique place in China's cultural landscape. One of the seven ancient capitals and the key scenic tourism and historical culture cities in China, Hangzhou once was applauded as"the most splendid and luxurious city in the world" by Marco Polo, the Italian traveler in the 13th century. The West Lake is undoubtedly the most renowned feature of Hangzhou, noted for the scenic beauty that blends naturally with many famous historical and cultural sites. In this scenic area, Solitary Hill, the Mausoleum of General Yue Fei, the Six Harmonies Pagoda and the Ling Yin Temple are probably the most frequently visited attractions. The "Ten West Lake Prospects" have been specially selected to give the visitor outstanding views of the lake, mountains and monuments."Above is heaven, below is Hangzhou" goes a famous Chinese saying that pretty well describes the glamorous city of Hangzhou! With its amazing scenery and fascinating cultural attractions, Hangzhou is indeed heaven on earth!
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Kaifeng is one of the Seven Ancient Capitals of China, and holds the distinction of having been the capital of seven dynasties. No other city in China can boast of such a feat. The city began in 364 BC during the Warring States Era and was founded by the state of Wei. The city served as their capital and was originally called Daliang. Kaifeng retains a lot of the traditional architectural features with the favor of all the dynasties of Song, Yuan, Ming and Qing dynasties. Besides the many historic sites like the Dragon Pavilion, the Iron Pagoda, the Xiangguo Temple, the newly built Imperial Song Street with a feature of the capital of the Song Dynasty. Kaifeng also won fame for its paintings and opera. The founders of Su Huang Mi Cai (family names of the four most famous calligraphists in the Chinese history) representing four styles of calligraphy were all from Kaifeng. The well-known Hebei cuisine originated in Kaifeng.
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Anyang located in the northernmost part of Henan province, is the place of the Ruins of Yin, a world-famous cultural heritage in China. Anyang is also the center of Chinese Character Invention and Oracle Bone Inscriptions. Also, it is the birthplace of Book of Changes, Spirit of the Red Flag Canal, General Yue Fei known as a hero as well as the tombs of two forefathers of China. In the meantime, it is the center city of Chinese central economic zone...Anyang's TangyinCounty was the seat of YueVillage, birth place of the famous Song Dynasty general Yue Fei.
Zhengzhou is partially different from other advanced or developed cities along the coast. It is modern but traditional in life, beautiful and attractive in tour. Its long history and rich custom give us the evidence that it is undoubtedly worth travelling. Zhengzhou is the famous cultural city in China with the long history. It is the rising modern business and trade city.As the city has few scenic attractions, most travelers use Zhengzhou as a resting place or a transfer point on the way to nearby tourist spots such as the ShaolinTemple and the Longmen Grottoes of Luoyang.Zhengzhou's most notable cultural institution is the HenanMuseum, one of China's most important museums.
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