Top 10 Chinese Buddhist Temples
Temples are not only popular tourist destinations but also important part of Chinese culture. No matter it’s Buddhism, Taoism, Confucian, Ancestral, or any memorial one, it is a piece of cultural essence. It contains intangible value in architecture, art, religion, and sociology, etc. From these different temples, we can know Chinese culture from a unique angle. So temples are always among the best places of interest to travel.
Four Taboos for Temple Visit:
1. Inappropriate Appellation. The monks of the temples should be called Da Shior Fa Shi. The governor of the temples should be called Zhang Lao, Fang Zhang or Chan Shi The Lamas in Lamasery should be Lama, which means the superior or high-level master.
2. Improper Etiquette. Having a meet with monks, visitor had better bow a little and lower the head slightly. Never handshaking or hugging with monks, let alone touch the head of monks.
3. Unwelcome Words. Talking with monks, please don’t mention the words connected with killing, hurting and wedding, and try to avoid mouth the words of meat, because these words are the forbidden objects in sutra.
4. Offensive Behaviors. When visiting the temples, don’t speak aloud, discuss free, satirize unreasonably and walk incautiously. Visitors can not touch the objects in temples. Visitors never touch the Buddha statues and remember that in temple take photos are disallowed. If some Buddhist ceremonies are met, visitors had better keep silent and go quietly. In the meantime, please take notice of the children to avoid the unhappy things caused by children’s innocence.
Shao Lin Temple: If you are extremely crazy about Chinese Kungfu, Shaolin Kungfu will be always your top selection for exercising. Shaolin temple is famous for its central level of Buddhism and more famous for its Kungfu and its life and natural philosophy released in daily body and mental exercise. Monks in Shaolin Temple master Kungfu for bodybuilding, temple protection and even state defensive...
Lingyin Temple: Lingyin Temple is nestled in a long, narrow valley between Fei Lai Feng (Peak flown from Afar) and North Peak to the northwest of the West Lake in Hangzhou, East China's Zhejiang Province. The temple is without doubt a premier showpiece in the West Lake area and is also notable as one of the ten most famous Buddhist temples of China. In 1961, the temple was listed for protection as a key provincial historical and cultural site and is considered a leading center for research on Chinese Buddhist culture.
Hanshan Temple:Hanshan Temple Scenic Spot of Suzhou is a provincial scenic spot of Jiangsu , which lies on the side of the ancient canal 3.5 kilometers west to Suzhou and covers 45 hectares. With many places of interest and four provincial preservation units of historical and cultural relics in the scenic spot, the humanistic scenes are plentiful and the natural sights are beautiful. With the historical and cultural style and features of "Five Ancients " , the Hanshan Temple Scenic Spot is such a tourist resort where visitors at home and abroad will be carried away.
Xuankong Temple(Hanging Temple):Hanging Monastery stands at the foot of Mt. Hengshan, 5 kilometers (3 miles) south of Hunyuan County, and 65 kilometers (40 miles) from downtown Datong City. Since it hangs on the west cliff of Jinxia Gorge more than 50 meters above the ground, it is called Hanging Monastery.The Hanging Monastery has established its unique position among the various temples and monasteries with its characteristics of "peril, workmanship and miracle".
White Horse Temple (Baima Temple).: White Horse Temple (Baima Temple) is located 12 km away from Luoyang City. Established by the Han Dynasty in 68 AD when Buddhism started to spread, this temple is believe to be the first Buddhist temple built by the government in China.White Horse Temple was regarded as the "originating court" and the "cradle of Chinese Buddhism" by the Buddhist disciples. Since its establishment, White Horse Temple has experienced vicissitudes of centuries. It was rebuilt for several times, in which the restoration during the reign of Emperor Wu Zetian was especially notable in its large scale.
Famen Temple.In China, many temples house treasures and artifacts,but the sheer quantity and quality of treasures in the Famen Temple is rare. Situated in Famen Town of Fufeng County�� about 120 kilometers (about 74.57 miles) west of Xian, Famen Temple is renowned for storing the veritable Finger Bone of the Sakyamuni Buddha. Famen Temple was established in the Eastern Han Dynasty (25--220), for carrying forward Buddhism. The most representative structures in the temple are the Famen Temple Pagoda and Famen Temple Museum.
Tanzhe Temple. A local saying goes that "the history of Tanzhe Temple is earlier than that of Beijing City." Renowned for its age, this temple dates back 1,600 years when it was called Jiafusi, or the Temple of Auspicious Fortune. During the Tang Dynasty, it was renamed Longquan, or Dragon Spring, because of the pool behind the temple. It later assumed its present title, which means Pool and Wild Mulberry. The temple is built on a hillside and consists of various pavilions, prayer halls, courtyards and a group of pagodas dating from the Yuan, Ming and Qing dynasties.
Wuta Temple(Five-Pagoda Temple). :Situated to the north of Beijing Zoo in Haidian District of Beijing, the Five-Pagoda Temple is an ideal place to appreciate the splendid history of Buddhism and architecture in China as well as to enjoy the pleasant scene and special tranquility of the temple. It is a respite from crowded tourist attractions in Beijing. A former Buddhist monastery, the Five Pagoda Temple was completed 1473 during the reign of Emperor Chengzu of the Ming Dynasty. Legend has it that an Indian monk visited the emperor and presented him with five beautiful statues of Buddha and a replica of a jeweled pagoda in India. Inspired by the beauty of these presents, the emperor ordered the construction of five identical pagodas facing the lovely Long River and the west hills behind them. Since their construction the pagodas have been renovated several times and in 1982 they were finally opened to the public.
Yufo Temple (Jade Buddha Temple).In the western part of Shanghai, a very modern and flourishing city, there is a venerable and famous Buddhist temple, Jade Buddha Temple. In 1882, an old temple was built to keep two jade Buddha statues which had been brought from Burma by a monk named Huigen. The temple was destroyed during the revolution that overthrew the Qing Dynasty. Fortunately the jade Buddha statues were saved and a new temple was built on the present site in 1928. It was named the Jade Buddha Temple.During the period of Emperor Guangxu's reign a monk named Huigen went from Puto Mountain to worship the Buddha in India and on his way back he, traversing through Myanmar, brought five statues, big and small,
Jiming Temple(Cockcrow Monastery). It is one of the oldest Buddhist Monasteries in Nanjing city. Cockcrow Monastery on the eastern foot of Jilong Mountain (Chicken Cage Mountain), the famous Jihua Mountain ( one of the four Buddhist mountains in China) and Xuanwu Lake is to the east and to the north of respectively. As early as 300 AD, religious establishments had been set up. About 200 years later, Tongtai Buddhist Monastery was built. It was the center of Buddhism of southern China...