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White Pottery

White pottery is a kind of pottery whose outside and inside are all white. The greenware is mostly made by hand. It uses porcelain clay or kaolinite, which contain less iron than figuline, and is fired at a temperature of about 1000 ℃. In the late Shang Dynasty (13th century - 11th century BC), the emergence and application of white pottery with carved patterns marked the new achievement in the history of Chinese pottery. The hardness, fire resistance and water-absorbing capacity saw much improvement, so we consider the white pottery the indication of the leap from pottery to china.

 Shang Dynasty(ca. 16th century-11th century BCE)Taotie is a mythical carnivorous monster. Bronzes in the Shang and Zhou dynasties commonly used the head of these creature in decorations, which is known as the taotiepattern. Use of “taotie” to name this motif began with a book, Xuanhe bogutu, written in the 12th century ofthe Song dynasty(960-1279). By the Shang dynasty, due to increases in kiln temperature and finer clays, the fabric of white ceramics became finer and whiter. The elaborate carving techniques show the high level of development of late Shang white ceramics.
 Shang Dynasty(ca. 16th century-11th century BCE)Taotie is a mythical carnivorous monster. Bronzes in the Shang and Zhou dynasties commonly used the head of these creature in decorations, which is known as the taotiepattern. Use of “taotie” to name this motif began with a book, Xuanhe bogutu, written in the 12th century ofthe Song dynasty(960-1279). By the Shang dynasty, due to increases in kiln temperature and finer clays, the fabric of white ceramics became finer and whiter. The elaborate carving techniques show the high level of development of late Shang white ceramics.

A white pottery vase with geometrical patterns of the Shang Dynasty was excavated from the Yin Ruins in Anyang of Henan Province, and it is the representative of white pottery with carved patterns in the Shang Dynasty. It is 20 centimeters tall in total with a caliber of 18.5 centimeters, and was made by imitating the pattern of bronze ware. The body of the vase is spherical, the mouth becomes narrow, and the pitch at the shoulder part is large. The bottom is round with a ring foot. The whole work looks rounded and stately. The body of the vase is covered with patterns. The main patterns in rilievi and the detailed shadings form a florid design. The concave and protuberant, the distant and dense patterns were naturally combined to create a clear gradation. Now the vase is in the Palace Museum.

Of goblet form, the flaring sides supported on a knopped stem with spreading foot, covered overall with a translucent white glaze of greenish hue, the foot left unglazed exposing the buff ware 3 5/16 in.

     Glazed blue and white point of china pottery

Point for the blue and white enamel bowl works, produced in Jingdezhen, Jingdezhen is the characteristics of porcelain, Taizhi white as a mirror, clear as jade, thin as paper, such as chime sound, on a point to make the glaze technology, new and unique works using technology blue decorative, elegant colors and fresh feast for the eyes.

Due to the hardness, lustration, and fine craftsmanship, white potteries became the objects used exclusively by slaveholders. In the later period of the Shang Dynasty, white potteries tended to be more and more fussy and refined, so the top-notch white potteries were mostly from this period. After the Western Zhou Dynasty (11th century - 771BC), white pottery was in decline due to the emergence of hard pottery with printed patterns and primitive china.

In Europe, it triggered a local "Kitchen Revolution" Dehua porcelain --- proud of the "China White"
Silk Road's extensive export by sea, together Dehua white porcelain deep aesthetic preferences of foreigners, so it won the "China White" in the world. "China White" Original Blanc de Chine, a French white porcelain of the Ming Dynasty Dehua praise, they think that this is "Chinese porcelain of the top grade."

 A CHINA WHITE-GLAZED POTTERY COMPRESSED PEAR-SHAPED JAR

The squat,globular body below a stepped neck and widely-flaring rim,all covered in a finely-crackled,lustrous glaze stopping short of the flat foot Provenance British Rail Pension Fund;Sotheby’s London,12 December 1989,lot 63. Lot Notes See Mayuyama,Chugoku Bunbutsu Kenbun,Tokyo,1948,pl. 87,for a similar vase in the Shaanxi Province Museum,Xian,from the tomb of Li Jingxun(A.D.608)at Liangjiazhuang,Western Suburbs of Xian. Compare,also,the figure of a lady carrying a similar vase,included in the O.C.S. Exhibition of the Arts of the T’ang Dynasty.

 Lying rock Guanyin of china pottery         Dehua white porcelain Taizhi fine close, the glaze layer of shiny, tight binding matrix and the glaze layer, seamless, complement each other, in the visual effects among many white spirits. The color white is the most simple, but can also be rich in visual effects. Dehua porcelain is true, the quality of porcelain color implicit, subtle colors of white among the present tendency to give people the impression of gentle, so do not feel monotonous, thorough and not sluggish, Su Jie and interesting. The same time, under different conditions, firing the white color tend to be different, so there are ivory, lard, white, green onion roots white, baby red, respectively. Dehua white porcelain not for the gorgeous color to white-based, profit sweet glaze layer, light-color jade, the pursuit of pure, Sujie, elegant beauty of the material on the use of adequate understanding of the design is the accurate positioning and orientation fully display their creative historical Craftsman wisdom.
Dehua porcelain sculpture, in the continuing development of color in the mix of traditional carving, wood carving, ivory carving and metal sculpture of expression means and skills to enhance the performance of the work force and unique sense of form. Works focus on the overall shape of the same characters, emphasizing in-depth characterization of the inner world of characters, static in action, and Vivid, giving work to appeal. Dehua porcelain sculpture of the expression means special attention to “line” used to highlight the performance of power lines, and to pay attention to line ups and downs. In the three-dimensional sculpture in order to line as the main means of Dehua porcelain sculpture is the more prominent features, for the formation of his style played an important role.

Fujian Dehua kiln in central Dehua, Song began firing when the Blue and White Porcelain. The mid-Ming Dynasty began firing the glaze is moist crystal white porcelain, the Taizhi compact, commonly called "sticky tires"; its glazed carved smooth, white Micro-yellowing, commonly known as "lard white" or "ivory."

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