Hainan Map Sanya Hai kou Climate China Hainan Airlines
Three Oddities in Hainan
Yalong Bay National Resort End of sky, Corner of sea
Wuzhizhou Island-Mecca for lovers Luhuitou Peninsula
Hainan Province lies at the southernmost tip of China, facing Guangdong Province in the north across the Qiongzhou Strait; the Democratic Republic of Vietnam in the west across the Beibu Gulf (Gulf of Tonkin), and Taiwan Province in the east across the South China Sea. To the south and southeast it is bounded in the South China Sea by the Philippines, Brunei and Malaysia. Encompassing Hainan Island, Xisha Archipelago, Zhongsha Archipelago and Nansha Archipelago as well as their dependent waters, Hainan Province covers a land area of 35,000 square kilometers and a sea area of approximately 2 million square kilometers. Hainan Island is China's second largest island after Taiwan, with an area of 33,900 square kilometers (not including its satellite islets). Zengmu Shoal of Nansha Archipelago is the southernmost part of Chinese territory.
Hainan's GDP in 2002 totaled 62.3 billion yuan, 9.2 percent higher than the previous year. The added value of the first industry was 22.9 billion yuan, up 9.2 percent; that of the secondary industry was 14.35 billion yuan, up 11.5 percent; and that of the tertiary industry was 25.1 billion yuan, up 8.1 percent.
GDP ratio (1st, 2nd and tertiary industries):36.9 :25.5 : 37.6
The province's total revenues in 2001 stood at 9.5 billion yuan, increasing by 15 percent over the previous year.
Agriculture: Tropical high-yielding agriculture of a new kind has risen abruptly and keeps on developing and extending from region to base and towards being industrialized, which has given an impetus to tropical tourist agriculture, ecological agriculture and hi-tech agriculture. A significant base of China has taken its root or is taking shape in Hainan, where cultivations will be centralized such as natural rubber, seed breeding, vegetables and melons growing in winter, tropical fruits, tropical flowers and plants, and marine aquiculture. The base has brought about a great deal of famous farm produce of high quality, and begun its transformation from the superiority of farm produce to that of farm cash crops and to their processing industry. As a result, the status as China's agricultural base in Hainan has been reinforced.
Industry: Focusing attention on market demand and intensifying both application of new technology and exploitation of superior resources, all these measures have resulted in renovation of traditional industry and rapid growth of newly developed industry. At present, an industrial complex is beginning to take shape with mainstay of natural gas, chemicals, building materials, beverage, food stuff, medicinal, chemical fibers, textiles, machinery, electronics, metallurgy, information, etc..
Hainan's pillar industries encompass agriculture, tourism, petrochemical industry, electronics and information, and marine bio-pharmaceutical industry.
There are two international airports. Of which, Hainan Meilan Airport, as one of the eight large aerial ports of China, has opened the airlines to Macao, Hong Kong, Taiwan, Thailand, Singapore, Malaysia, and Burma as well as to the capitals of the important provinces and cities of China, and has been listed. Meanwhile, Sanya Fenghuang (Phoenix) Airport has opened the airlines to Singapore, Malaysia, Thailand, Seoul, Osaka, Tokyo, Siberia, Macao, Hong Kong, Taiwan, totally 10 international airlines and to 23 cities of China. The two airports have opened totally more than 70 domestic and international air routes.
Transport and communication lines link up all parts of the province. Around-Island Express Way has been put into full traffic. Various kinds of transportation means offer you a safe, comfortable, convenient and quick service.
The Yuehai (Guangdong-Hainan) Passage, under busy construction at present and to be put into operation at the end of Year 2002, will link Hainan to the mainland of China. The passage comprises two railways in Guangdong and Hainan respectively, and a train ferry to cross the 12.5-nautical-mile Qiongzhou Straits, which has been a bottleneck blocking the development of the island province
Hainan Island is the second-largest island in China, after Taiwan. The island faces the Leizhou Peninsula in Guangdong Province across the Qiongzhou Straits. It had a population of seven million by the end of 1994, among whom are some ethnic groups, including the Li, Miao and Hui.
Its topography is low on four sides and high in the center from which radiate the island's rivers. 20 percent of the island is mountainous,15 percent hilly and 65 percent is plain and tableland. Two major ports, Haikou and Yulin, are along its 1,440-km coastline.
Hainan Province, known as Qiongzhou in ancient times, has long been under the jurisdiction of Guangdong Province. But in May 1984, the decision was approved to establish the Hainan Administrative District on the island at the Second Session of the Sixth National People's Congress. Under the district's jurisdiction are also the Xisha, Zhongsha and Nansha islands in the South China Sea. The district governing body is the Hainan Administrative District's Government under the Guangdong Provincial People's Government. In August 1987, the State Council made a proposal to establish Hainan as a province. In 1988, Hainan Island became China's 30th province and its largest economic zone.
The Hainan Province administers three cities, 16 counties, as well as the islands and reefs of the Xisha Islands, Nansha Islands and Zhongsha Islands and seawaters around them.
The province has an area of 34,000 sq km, an average temperature between 22 and 26 degrees centigrade and an annual rainfall of 1,600 to 2,000 millimeters. Hainan has more than 4,000 species of plants, accounting for 15 percent of the country's total, and 600 of them are native to the island. It is estimated that 344 species of birds and 77 kinds of animals dwell in Hainan, of which gibbons, pangoins, rhesus monkeys and civet cats have been put under state protection. The province also boasts 50 types of minerals.
Ethnic Minority Groups
Hainan is a multinational region, and there the ethnic villages of Li and Miao are very typical. The hospitable villagers will treat you to traditional food as well as wonderful singing and dancing performances. So the Li and Miao Villages are well worth a visit in Hainan. Nowadays, Hainan cuisine is very popular all over the world, especially the fresh and delicious seafood. Furthermore, Hainan is famous for their beautiful handicrafts, like shell carvings.
The capital of Hainan is Haikou City. Located in northern part of the island, it is the political, economic, cultural and transportation center of the whole province. In Hainan, the cities Haikou and Sanya are where most tourists congregate.
When to go
Hainan is an ideal place for you to be away from the cold winter. In January and February, the average temperature is 16 C to 24 C, and 25 C to 29 C is in July and August. The rainy seasons are from May to October. The best time to visit Hainan is between November and March the next year. I suggest those who are fond of swimming had better come to Hainan. It's an excellent swimming and bathing place all the year around, and far away from the crowded cities, it is your best choice for relaxation and entertainment.
What to see
Sanya is famous for its tropical beach landscapes. Tianya Haijiao and Dadonghai are two well known beaches. Just imagine that you are lying on the soft beach under beautiful sunshine or that you are walking through the coconut plantation under the blue sky. How wonderful everything is! Historical heritages such as Hairui Tomb (Hairui (1514 - 1587) who was a compassionate and popular officer during the Ming Dynasty) and Wugong Temple (Fiver Officials' Temple) in Haikou are also worth a visit.
Be very careful with water sports on Hainan. Government regulation of activities such as parasailing, diving, and boating on Hainan is lax, so staff often provide little or no training to customers, and the equipment can be shoddy. Without adequate safety precautions, these activities can be dangerous, and even fatal.
Dadonghai Beach has over 50 locally-owned and operated hotels, catering mostly to Chinese and Russian tour groups. It is a long curved bay with a busy public beach, dotted with rented chairs and beach-loving tourists. Shark nets are set up to help alleviate swimmers’ fears.
Just up the beach on the boardwalk is a restaurant area serving seafood, with eight to 14-seat tables catering to noisy, hungry tour groups. For a quiet walks and beautiful scenery away from the crowds, take a five-minute cab ride to the Luhuitou Peninsula. At the hilltop is the beautiful Luhuitou Park famous for its lush tropical flora and fabulous views of the city and ocean.
Sanya Bay is 15km stretch of white beach, catering mostly to Chinese groups on cheap package tours. There are no international hotels, and the majority of quality English-speaking staff have been lured away to upmarket Yalong Bay.
Still, this beach is a great place to walk along, particularly in the evening. Picture postcard sunsets, complete with old fishing junks and pipe-smoking fishermen, are standard. After dark, there is a nice boardwalk for strolling or people-watching. A nice way to tour the city is to flag down one of the many motorbike and sidecar taxis. You can negotiate an hour’s tour of the beaches and backstreets for around Rmb40. Grab an ice-cold beer from one of the ubiquitous corner shops and don’t forget to slow down when you hit the seafront where hundreds of locals gather to perform synchronised disco-dancing.
Nightlife in Sanya is centered along Dadonghai Beach. Most of the action is on Yuhai Lu, where there are rows of seafood restaurants and beachside bars. Some of the beachside hotels have barbecues and various types of musical performances (both Western and Chinese).
Food-wise, Sanya’s most atmospheric and fun eating option turns out to be its cheapest. As the sun goes down locals set up makeshift BBQ restaurants in the streets surrounding the beaches and markets. Simply find yourself a table and then buy what you want from any of the vast number of food stalls and wok wagons assembled by the locals. A delicious and complete meal for one can be had for Rmb15-20. A large bottle of cold beer (from the corner shop) should cost around Rmb4-6.
Yalong Bay 25km east of Sanya City is the focus of the current upscale building boom. It has a 7km stretch of white sand beach, perfect for sunbathers and beach sports fanatics. The bay is privately owned and operated. This high security makes it ideal for families with young children. Indeed many of the hotels, particularly the pioneering Sheraton Sanya Resort, have special clubs and day-schools designed to keep children amused and parents hands-free. If all this organization and cleanliness leaves you with cabin fever for some good old fashioned seaside city sleaze, grab a taxi to downtown Sanya for about Rmb50 one-way.
Boao Scenic Zone, on the eastern side of Hainan, is China's newest international resort and convention area and already it is giving Beihai a run for its money.
Some 53 miles from Haikou airport, it is a group of three small islands at the junction of the Wanqing River and the ocean - a naturally secure area. Since 2002 it has been the permanent site of the Boao Forum for Asia, an annual gathering of the region's political leaders. The majority of the area's hotels are clustered around a new convention centre on Dongyu, the largest of the three islands. Jade belt beach, at the mouth of the river, is unusual - it has seawater on one side and fresh water on the other. The old town of Boao, about three miles away, is quiet but useful for basic shopping. The nearest city, Qionghai, is 10 miles away.
Situated 108'37"-117'50" east longitude and 3'58"-20'20" north latitude, Hainan Province, at the southernmost tip of China, is separated from Guangdong Province on the mainland by the Qiongzhou Straits. Established as a province in April 1988, Hainan covers an area of 34,000 square kilometers, including the Hainan Island and the Xisha, Nansha, and Zhongsha islands and their surrounding territorial waters.
Hainan enjoys a tropical monsoon climate and is frost-free all year round. It has a mean annual temperature of 22.5oC-26oC, and a mean annual precipitation of 1,500-2,600 mm. It is frequently visited by typhoons throughout the year.
Administrative Division and Population
It is divided into 2 prefecture-level cities, 7 county-level cities, 4 counties and 6 autonomous counties, with a population of 7.87 million by 2000, mainly including ethnic groups of Han, Li, Hui, Miao and Zhuang.
Nowadays, Hainan cuisine is very popular all over the world, especially the fresh and delicious seafood.
Qiong Opera, songs and dances of Li and Miao nationalities
What particularly attracts tourists, both domestic and foreign, to Hainan is its characteristic beauty of south China with sunshine, beaches, seawater and hot springs. As a result if recent efforts, Hainan has completed and put into use a series of holiday resorts with high-level hotels, becoming a fabulous competitor in the tourist market of East Asia. Leading festivals are the Hainan International Festival of Coconuts and Third Day of Third Lunar Month Festival.
About 6,000 years ago, there were ancient people living in present Hainan area. Hainan first entered written history in 110BC, when the Han Dynasty (206BC-220AD) established a garrison there. In the Yuan dynasty (1271-1368) it became an independent province, but was placed under Guangdong Province in 1370 during the Ming Dynasty (1368-1644).
Hainan Province, also called Qiong, is located in the southernmost part of China. The Hainan Island is like a circle island. From the center spread outward, the rugged hills, plains and sea were linked one after another. Zengmu'ansha is the hottest place in the southwest.
Established in 1988, Hainan Province is the largest special economic zone and the youngest province in China. It abounds in minerals and resources of animals and plants, especially its rich petroleum and natural gas. With the high speed of economic development, it becomes the key production base of tropical products in China, including sugar cane, peanuts, coco, coffee, sisal, pineapple, seafood, precious timber and plastic, etc.
The Hainan Island has a coastal line of 1,580 kilometers, and it enjoys a tropical monsoon climate and is frost-free all year round. The climate is warm all year round with sunshine most of the times. The forest area covers more than 50% of the total island. Its natural beauty has gained a good reputation among the visitors and has been widely known around the world. People call it "the Oriental Hawaii".
Hainan is a multinational region, and there the ethnic villages of Li and Miao are very typical. The hospitable villagers will treat you with traditional food as well as wonderful singing and dancing performances. So the Li and Miao Villages in Hainan are well worth a visit.