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Qufu

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 Must-see Attractions:

    Confucian Temple   Confucius' Mansion             Confucian Graveyard

                                                                             

A Survey of Qufu:
Qufu is the hometown of
Confucius, the pioneer of Confucian school. It ranks among the first group of 24 most famous historical and cultural cities designated by the State Council. It is endowed with a pleasant climate, abundant natural resources, a large quantity of cultural relics and a long history. Leaning against Mount Tai to the north, overlooking Fufeng Peak to the south, it borders on Sishui in the east and Yanzhou in the west, 135 kilometers south of Jinan, the capital of Shandong Province, and 45 kilometers northeast of Jining.

Qufu, hometown of the great thinker and educator Confucius, is listed in the first group of national famous cities of historical and cultural relics designated by the State Council. The first Chinese general history book Shiji (History) gives that it is the hometown of Shen Nong (God of agriculture), Huang Di, Shao Hao and Mencius, and has been the site for ancient states and capitals like the Shang dynasty, the Yin State, the Lu State, etc. In the city, there are now 112 key historic relics under protection, among which four sites are of national level, twelve are of provincial level. The Confucian Temple, the Confucian Mansion and the Confucian Cemetery were ranked as one of the world cultural heritage in 1994. The Confucian Temple, also known as the Most Sage Temple, was the place for ancient emperors to offers acrificial sercives to Confucius. Located in the center of Qufu City, the Confucian Temple, an oriental style complex with a long history, is known as the "only case" in the history of the world architecture, and is considered one of the three most famous traditional architectural complexes in China, the other two being the Forbidden City in Beijing, Summer Hill Station of Chengde. 

 It entered the list of the first group of national level key historic relics, and was ranked as a world cultural heritage. The second year after Confucius'death, Aigong, Duke of the state of Lu ordered to turn the former residence of Confucius into a memorial hall to offer sacrificial services every year. It used to have only 3 rooms, in which the utensils, such as clothes, hats, the chime stone, the carriage and books once used by Confucius were preserved. To consolidate their ruling positions, rulers of the successive dynasties showed great respect for Confucius and made a point of rebuilding the temple. The expansion of it started from Sui Dynasty, and in Tang Dynasty, it had 30 halls and chambers. The present size of the temple was established after many rebuildings and expansions in the Hongzhi Period in Ming Dynasty. With a span of 1 kilometers from the south to the north, the temple covers an area of 21.8 hektares. Being an imitation of the imperial palace in its architecture, the temple has 9 courtyards opening off off one another made up of 104 buildings, 446 rooms, and 1250 ancient trees. The halls and other buildings in the temple looks resplendent, magnificent and imposing. Having over 2,000 carved relics in the temple, it is one of the largest collections in the country.

Administrative Divisions:
At present, it exercises jurisdiction over two sub-districts: Lucheng and Shuyuan; six towns: Wucun, Yaocun, Shizhuang, Lingcheng, Xiaoxue and Nanxin and four townships: Wangzhuang, Dongzhuang, Xizou and Fangshan.
Area: 896 square kilometers       Population: 630,000 (2005)
City Tree: Japanese pagoda tree     City Flower: Chinese rose; Lotus

Climate: 
Granted with a continental monsoon climate, Qufu has an extraordinarily amiable climate.  Here you will find plenty of sunshine, clear-cut seasons with the average maximum temperature of 27.4 degrees Centigrade in July and the minimum of 1.4 degrees Centigradein January. The dominant wind is southerly all year round but in winter northeasterly prevails. In June thru September, particularly July and August, it rains most frequently. July witnesses the most precipitation of the whole year with a rainfall of 217.2mm, and January the least of 63mm.

History:
Qufu was originally the capital of the state of Yan in the
Shang Dynasty and capital of Lu in the Zhou Dynasty. In 249 BC, the state of Chu exterminated Lu and set up Lu County, which was named Wenyang in 584 and later changed to Qufu in early 596. In ancient times, to the east of the city there stood a mound, which wound its way three to four kilometers long, hence the name. For Qu in Chinese means winding and Fu means mound. In 627, Qufu was incorporated into Sishui County and reinstated to its old status in 634. In 1012, it was named Xianyuan and in 1129 recovered as Qufu. By the end of 1945, it again merged into Sishui and was named Qusi County. But soon afterwards, they were divided and managed separately in 1946. In 1958, Ziyang was incorporated into Qufu but once again they were governed separately according to their former administrative division. In June, 1986, under the approval of the State Council, Qufu County was dismantled and the city of Qufu was established finally.

Historical celebrities:
As a famous historical and cultural city in
China, Qufu has been recognized as the cradle of the Chinese nation. It has nurtured a large number of celebrities in Chinese history, for instance, Confucius, the great thinker, statesman, educationist and the founder of Confucianism during the Spring and Autumn Period; Kong Ji, the prominent philosopher and thinker during the Warring States Period; Kong Rong, the renowned writer of the Han Dynasty; Yan Guangmin, the noted poet in the late Ming Dynasty and Kong Shangren, the opera writer in the early Qing Dynasty who is known for Peach Blossom Fan.

Qufu:Open Wider to the Outside World

Qufu is located in the southwest of Shandong Province,It covers an area of 896 sq km.And it has a population of 630,000.Qufu is the hometown of the great thinker,statesman and educator. It is listed in the first group of 24 national famous cities of historical and cultural relics designated by the State Council.

Qufu is also the hometown of Shen Nong(God of agriculture).Huang Di,Shao Hao and Mencius,and has been the site for ancient states and capitals like the Shang dynasty,the Yin state,the Lu state,etc.In the city,there are now over 300 historic relics under protection, among which six sites are of national level, eleven are of provincial level.The Confucian Temple,the Confucian Mansion and the Confucian Cemetery were ranked as one of the world cultural heritages.

Qufu enjoys a convenient transportation. There is a network of railways and highway in it.Beijing-Shanghai Railway and Beijing-Fujian Expressway run north and south of Qufu and Xinxiang-Shijiusuo Railway and Rizhao-Dongming Expresswaypenetrate Qufu east and west.And it is also the intersection of No.104 National Road and No.327 National Road.

 

Qufu is rich in natural resources.Water is plentifuland highquality,Mineral deposits aremainly coal,limestone,marble,granite,phosphorous and so on..The coal mining in Qufu is part of the Yanzhou Coalfield,which is one of the eight biggest coalfield in China.And its annual yield is 800 thousand tons.

Qufu has favorable investment policies.Qufu economic development zone is of provincial level. In it there are high-tech industrial park,a private-owned enterprise park ,a tourism industrial park and an international trade park,etc.ang it is well equipped with water,gas and electricity.To serve domestic and foreign investors well,the Municipal Administration set up an investment service center,with its aim of providing all-around,high-quality services.

Qufu's economy is prosperous,It has a solid base of agriculture.It is the base of national commodity grain and agriculture..Industry runs smoothly and its main industries include food processing, textile, construction materials, chemistry, coal mianing, pharmacy, paper making and mechanical and electrical machinery and so on. Education in Qufu is advanced with 209schools of different levels. Among them is Qufu Teacher's University,which ranks as one of Shandong`s key universities.

Qufu is an old city while it is young with the ages. Its hard-working and hospitable people are striving to build it into a world ----famous historical and cultural city!

Transporta

Mt.Taishan

Mt.Tai in Shandong boasts powerful, varied mountain scenery while enhanced by thousand years of cultural enrichment and historic sites of mankind creation.

With all this in mind, the Committee of the World Heritages of UNESCO officially recognized Mt.Tai as a natural heritage site of worldwide importance.

The history of Mt.Tai area can dating back to the provenance of Chinese culture, and early in Chunqiu period, Mt.Tai had been reserved for imperial sacrifices to Heaven, leading to its current paramount situation.

With 6,293 steps on the path up the mountain, it often requires a full day on the mountain and you'd better bring along plenty water.

tion
Qufu has a web-like network of railways and the highways provide easy access in all directions. Beijing-Shanghai Railway runs across the northwest of it, Yanzhou-Shijiazhuang Railway through the southeast, and Yanzhou-nanning Railway around it. Beijing-Fuzhou Expressway and National Road 104 run from north to south of Qufu and Rizhao-Dongming Expressway and National Road 327 penetrate it east and west. Asphalt roads have been available in all townships. There are 9 railway stations in Qufu with a total length of 82.2 kilometers. The total traffic mileage of highways reaches as long as 514 kilometers.

Flights:
There is no airport within Qufu. However, it is only 160 kilometers away from Jinan Yaoqiang International Airport by expressways, and only 80 kilometers to Jining Jiaxiang Airport linked by special highways.
Jinan Civil Airline Inquiry Tel: 086-531-6949418
Jining United Airline Booking Office Tel: 086-537-2213038

Railway:
Qufu Railway Station, 4 kilometers southeast of the city proper, is a third-class freight and passenger transfer station with a few trains leading to Beijing and Xinxiang, Henan, etc. In addition, Yanzhou Railway Station, 15 kilometers from Qufu, is located in the middle section of Beijing-Shanghai Railway.  There are various trains bound for cities along the railway line with a handling capacity of more than 80 passenger-trains per day. It has opened special tourist lines to big and medium-sized cities like Beijing, Shanghai, Tianjin and Jinan. There is also a first-class road between Qufu Railway Station and Yanzhou which provides convenient transportation.
Qufu Railway Station Tel: 086-537-4866534
Yanzhou Railway Station Inquiry Tel: 086-537-3462522

Highway Passenger Transport
Qufu has well-developed expressway and highway transportation. Beijing-Fuzhou Expressway and National Road 104 run from north to south of it; Rizhao-Heze Expressway and National Road 327 run from east to west of it. Qufu Bus Station in the city center has special passenger lines bound for quite a few cities including Jinan, Qingdao, Shijiazhuang, Nanjing, and Xuzhou.
Qufu Bus Station Inquiry Tel: 086-537-4412554
Bus Station Inquiry Tel: 086-537-4412554

Buses:
Since Qufu is a small city, there are very few buses consequently. Only four lines are in operation: No.1, No.2, No.5 and No.6 with near 30 buses in use.

Taxi:
Taxis in Qufu are mainly Jetta and Chery. The starting price of all taxis, regardless of the types, is RMB5 yuan/ 2km and RMB1.95 yuan/kmif longer than 2km (not including the first 2km). There is no additional charge at night.
Qufu Taxi Inquiry Tel: 086-537-4405388